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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The hidden traits of endemic illiteracy in cities

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Autor(es):
Alves, Luiz G. A. [1] ; Andrade, Jr., Jose S. [2] ; Hanley, Quentin S. [3] ; Ribeiro, Haroldo V. [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Math & Comp Sci, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Ceara, Dept Fis, BR-60451970 Fortaleza, CE - Brazil
[3] Nottingham Trent Univ, Sch Sci & Technol, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG118 NS - England
[4] Univ Estadual Maringa, Dept Fis, BR-87020900 Maringa, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS; v. 515, p. 566-574, FEB 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

In spite of the considerable progress towards reducing illiteracy rates, many countries, including developed ones, have encountered difficulty achieving further reduction in these rates. This is worrying because illiteracy has been related to numerous health, social, and economic problems. Here, we show that the spatial patterns of illiteracy in urban systems have several features analogous to the spread of diseases such as dengue and obesity. Our results reveal that illiteracy rates are spatially long-range correlated, displaying non-trivial clustering structures characterized by percolation-like transitions and fractality. These patterns can be described in the context of percolation theory of long-range correlated systems at criticality. Together, these results provide evidence that the illiteracy incidence can be related to a transmissible process, in which the lack of access to minimal education propagates in a population in a similar fashion to endemic diseases. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/16987-7 - Uma abordagem de sistemas complexos para desenvolvimento e planejamento urbano
Beneficiário:Luiz Gustavo de Andrade Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado