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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The sensory equipment of a sandokanid: An extreme case of tarsal reduction in harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones, Laniatores)

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Autor(es):
Gainett, Guilherme [1, 2] ; Sharma, Prashant P. [2] ; Giribet, Gonzalo [3, 4] ; Willemart, Rodrigo H. [1, 5, 6]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Ecol Sensorial & Comportamento Artrop, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Integrat Biol, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[3] Harvard Univ, Museum Comparat Zool, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[4] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Programa Pos Grad Zool, Inst Biociencias, BR-08055090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Evolucao, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Morphology; v. 279, n. 9, p. 1206-1223, SEP 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The study of sensory structures has the potential to provide insights into the natural history and evolution of animals. The sensory structures of arachnids are usually concentrated on the pedipalps (the tritocerebral appendages) or on the distal podomere (tarsus) of the anterior walking legs, the latter being the case for armored harvestmen (Opiliones, Laniatores). Therefore, modifications of the tarsus could have direct impacts on the sensory equipment of these animals. Using scanning electron microscopy, we investigated the sensory equipment in an extreme case of reduction in tarsal articles in the harvestman Sandokan truncatus (Sandokanidae), which bears a single tarsomere in all legs, and the potential consequences of this reduction. Additionally, we review the literature on the natural history of the family Sandokanidae. Tarsomeres of all legs are equipped with gustatory sensilla, mechanoreceptors, and a pore organ, but wall-pored olfactory sensilla are restricted to tarsi I and II. Tarsi II present a higher density of olfactory sensilla and also putative campaniform sensilla (strain detectors), which indicates a special sensory function of this pair of legs. Other podomeres are covered with shelled sensilla, a probable chemoreceptor previously unreported in Opiliones. Overall, S. truncatus has types of sensilla largely comparable to harvestmen with longer and subdivided tarsi. However, S. truncatus also exhibits extra-tarsal sensory fields of sensilla basiconica (putative thermo-/hygroreceptors) in previously undescribed sites, and the unique pore organs. Our results establish a basis for further research investigating the natural history, as well as the evolutionary correlations and mechanistic causes of the tarsal reduction in this enigmatic lineage. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/00915-0 - Comunicação química em opiliões (Arachnida, Opiliones): morfologia, comportamento e química
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Hirata Willemart
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/23189-1 - Morfologia interna das potenciais cerdas olfativas no opilião Heteromitobates discolor (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores)
Beneficiário:Guilherme Gainett Cardoso Martins de Carvalho Florez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/11527-4 - Evolução e dimorfismo sexual de aberturas glandulares em opiliões Gonyleptidae (Arachnida, Opiliones)
Beneficiário:Guilherme Gainett Cardoso Martins de Carvalho Florez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica