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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The role of gender in the structure of networks of childhood adversity

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Autor(es):
Coelho, Bruno Mendonca [1, 2] ; Santana, Geilson Lima [1] ; Duarte-Guerra, Leorides Severo [1] ; Viana, Maria Carmen [3] ; Neto, Francisco Lotufo [2] ; Andrade, Laura Helena [1] ; Wang, Yuan-Pang [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Epidemiol Psiquiatr LIM 23, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Inst Psiquiatria, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psiquiatria, Fac Med FMUSP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Dept Social Med, Postgrad Program Publ Hlth, Hlth Sci Ctr, Vitoria, ES - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH; v. 270, p. 348-356, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The objective of present study is to investigate the relationship between different childhood adversities. The potential impact of early adversity on prevention programs is discussed. Data on twelve childhood adversities was collected from a representative sample of 5037 members of the general population living in a large metropolitan area. Data were analyzed through network analysis, to estimate and compare network connectivity and centrality measures by gender. Over half the respondents had been exposed to at least one adversity during their earlier developmental stage. Among adversity-exposed persons, 48.4% presented simultaneous adversities, most of which were related to `family dysfunction' and `maltreatment' (mean = 2.9 adversities). Women reported more adversities than men (59.0% vs. 47.6%). Although the `global' network connectivity across adversities was similar in both genders, `regional' distinctions in the network structure were found. While `neglect' and `parental death' were more important for women than men, `parental mental disorders' was more important for men. Gender-related childhood adversities were clustered experiences. Adversities related to `early family dysfunction' and `maltreatment' were prominent features in the networks of both boys and girls. Differential preventive and intervention programs should take into account gender-related patterns of exposure and reporting patterns of early adversity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/00204-3 - Estudo epidemiológico dos transtornos psiquiátricos na região metropolitana de São Paulo: prevalências, fatores de risco e sobrecarga social e econômica
Beneficiário:Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de Andrade Burdmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/50517-4 - Identificação dos diferentes subgrupos de usuários de álcool e fatores associados na região metropolitana de São Paulo: diferenças entre gêneros, dados sociodemográficos e comorbidades psiquiátricas
Beneficiário:Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de Andrade Burdmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular