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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Gene silencing based on RNA-guided catalytically inactive Cas9 (dCas9): a new tool for genetic engineering in Leptospira

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Autor(es):
Fernandes, L. G. V. [1] ; Guaman, L. P. [2] ; Vasconcellos, S. A. [3] ; Heinemann, Marcos B. [3] ; Picardeau, M. [4] ; Nascimento, A. L. T. O. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Desenvolvimento Vacinas, Ave Vital Brasil, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Tecnol Equinoccial, Ctr Invest Biomed, Fac Ciencias Salud Eugenio Espejo, Ave Mariscal Sucre & Mariana de Jesus, Quito 170105 - Ecuador
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Lab Zoonoses Bacterianas VPS, Ave Prof Dr Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, BR-05508270 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Inst Pasteur, Biol Spirochetes Unit, 25 Rue Dr Roux, F-75723 Paris - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, FEB 12 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by pathogenic bacteria of the genus Leptospira, which also includes free-living saprophyte strains. Many aspects of leptospiral basic biology and virulence mechanisms remain unexplored mainly due to the lack of effective genetic tools available for these bacteria. Recently, the type II CRISPR/Cas system from Streptococcus pyogenes has been widely used as an efficient genome engineering tool in bacteria by inducing double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the desired genomic targets caused by an RNA-guided DNA endonuclease called Cas9, and the DSB repair associated machinery. In the present work, plasmids expressing heterologous S. pyogenes Cas9 in L. biflexa cells were generated, and the enzyme could be expressed with no apparent toxicity to leptospiral cells. However, L. biflexa cells were unable to repair RNA-guided Cas9-induced DSBs. Thus, we used a catalytically dead Cas9 (dCas9) to obtain gene silencing rather than disruption, in a strategy called CRISPR interference (CRISPRi). We demonstrated complete gene silencing in L. biflexa cells when both dCas9 and single-guide RNA (sgRNA) targeting the coding strand of the beta-galactosidase gene were expressed simultaneously. Furthermore, when the system was applied for silencing the dnaK gene, no colonies were recovered, indicating that DnaK protein is essential in Leptospira. In addition, flagellar motor switch FliG gene silencing resulted in reduced bacterial motility. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work applying the CRISPRi system in Leptospira and spirochetes in general, expanding the tools available for understanding leptospiral biology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/06731-8 - Desenvolvimento de novas estratégias para manipulação genética em Leptospira spp.: RNA antisenso e CRISPR/Cas9
Beneficiário:Luis Guilherme Virgílio Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/50981-0 - Busca de proteínas de superfície nas sequências do genoma da Leptospira interrogans: caracterização funcional e imunológica para o entendimento de mecanismos envolvidos na patogênese de bactéria
Beneficiário:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático