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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Changes in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean estimated from the CESM Last Millennium Ensemble

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Autor(es):
Wainer, Ilana [1] ; Gent, Peter R. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Boulder, CO 80307 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANTARCTIC SCIENCE; v. 31, n. 1, p. 37-51, FEB 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The changes in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current system associated with the Polar, sub-Antarctic and Subtropical Fronts in the Atlantic are examined in a ten-member ensemble using the Community Earth System Model. Results for the ensemble average mean show that the Polar Front at 25 degrees W shifts to the south by 0.8 degrees during 1970-2000 compared to its mean latitude over the period 1050-1950. This shift is significant because it is more than twice the standard deviation of the mean latitude time series during 1050-1950. The shift is caused by a slight southward displacement of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, which in turn is caused by a southward shift in the latitude of the maximum zonal wind stress. The sub-Antarctic Front also shows a small southward shift after 1970, with a maximum latitudinal displacement of 0.2 degrees. However, this shift is not significant compared to the standard deviation of the time series during 1050-1950. The Subtropical Front does not change its latitude during 1970-2000 compared to 1050-2000 because there is very little change in the wind-stress curl in the subtropics. Differences in temperature and salinity throughout the water column at 25 degrees W reveal that during 1970-2000 there is freshening of Antarctic Intermediate Water, whereas the Circumpolar Deep Water becomes saltier. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/17659-0 - Variabilidade e mudanças do Oceano Atlântico Sul desde 850 C.E.: uma abordagem de conjunto com o modelo do sistema terrestre comunitário (desenvolvido no National Center for Atmospheric Research - NCAR)
Beneficiário:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa