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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Intensive silviculture enhances biomass accumulation and tree diversity recovery in tropical forest restoration

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Autor(es):
Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1] ; Campoe, Otavio [2, 3] ; Teixeira Mendes, Joao Carlos [1] ; Noel, Camilla [1] ; Moreira, Gabriela G. [1] ; van Melis, Juliano [1] ; Stape, Jose Luiz [1, 3] ; Guillemot, Joannes [1, 4, 5]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forest Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-89520000 Curitibanos, SC - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Forest Sci, BR-19600 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] UMR Eco & Sols, CIRAD, F-34060 Montpellier - France
[5] Univ Montpellier, Montpellier SupAgro, CIRAD, INRA, IRD, Eco & Sols, F-34060 Montpellier - France
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Ecological Applications; v. 29, n. 2 MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Maximizing initial aboveground woody biomass (AGB) accumulation in order to obtain early payments for carbon stocking is essential for the financial viability of reforestation programs fostered by climate mitigation efforts. Intensive silviculture, i.e., silviculture traditionally used in commercial forestry to maximize productivity and gains, has recently been advocated as a promising approach to enhance AGB accumulation in restoration plantations. However, this approach may hamper natural forest regeneration and ecological succession due to high competition between colonizing plants and planted trees. We investigated the impacts of different silvicultural treatments applied to restoration plantations with 20 native tree species on AGB accumulation and spontaneous regeneration of native woody species in an experiment set up in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Intensive silviculture demonstrated a remarkable potential to enhance AGB accumulation in restoration plantations by increasing up to three times the AGB of tree stands (from similar to 25 to 75 Mg/ha in the 12th year). Intensive fertilization/weed control enhanced AGB accumulation, while higher tree density and the proportion of pioneers did not have a significant effect on AGB over the time. In spite of higher costs (cost increase of 13-19%), the cost-effectiveness for AGB accumulation of intensive silviculture was comparable to that of traditional silviculture applied to restoration (US\$50-100/Mg AGB for 3 x 2 m spacing). Contrary to our expectations, we did not find a trade-off between AGB accumulation by planted trees and the spontaneous regeneration of tree species, since intensive silviculture enhanced the regeneration of both planted (total of 12 species) and colonizing woody species (total of 30 species) in the plantation understory. Specifically, a strong association was found between AGB stocks and the abundance and richness of colonizing species, a vast majority of which (90% of species and 95% of individuals) were dispersed by animals. We report a case of positive correlation between AGB stocking and woody species regeneration in the restoration of the Atlantic Forest. Fostering the establishment and maintenance of restoration tree plantations can, in some cases, be a win-win strategy for climate mitigation and biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/05814-3 - O manejo intensivo em plantios de restauração influência a regeneração natural de espécies nativas no sub-bosque?
Beneficiário:Gabriela Gonçalves Moreira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático