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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The neural response to deep brain stimulation of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus: A MEMRI and c-Fos study

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Autor(es):
Gimenes, Christiane [1] ; Malheiros, Jackeline Moraes [1] ; Battapady, Harsha [2] ; Tannus, Alberto [3] ; Hamani, Clement [4] ; Covolan, Luciene [1, 5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Renovo Neural Inc, Cleveland, OH - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Phys Inst Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Toronto, Harquail Ctr Neuromodulat, Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Toronto, ON - Canada
[5] Cleveland Clin, Neurol Inst, Epilepsy Ctr, Cleveland, OH 44106 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Research Bulletin; v. 147, p. 133-139, APR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) refers to the delivery of electric current to specific deep brain structures through implanted electrodes. Recently approved for use in United States, DBS to the anterior nucleus of thalamus (ANT) is a safe and effective alternative treatment for medically refractory seizures. Despite the anti-seizure effects of ANT DBS, preclinical and clinical studies have failed to demonstrate it actions at a whole brain level. Objective: Here, we used a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based approach in healthy adult rats to investigate the effects of ANT DBS through the circuit of Papez, which has central role in the generation and propagation of limbic seizures, in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Methods: After ANT electrode implantation and recovery, ANT DBS and SHAM (sham animals had electrodes implanted but were not stimulated) rats received one single injection of the contrast enhancer, manganese chloride (60 mg/kg, ip). Twelve hours after, rats underwent the baseline scan using the MEMRI (Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging) technique. We used the same MEMRI and parvalbumin sequence to follow the DBS delivered during 1 h (130 Hz and 2001 mu A). Perfusion was followed by subsequent c-Fos and parvalbumin immunostaining of brain sections. Results: Acute unilateral ANT DBS significantly reduced the overall manganese uptake and consequently, the MEMRI contrast in the circuit of Papez. Additionally, c-Fos expression was bilaterally increased in the cingulate cortex and posterior hypothalamus, areas directly connected to ANT, as well as in amygdala and subiculum, within the limbic circuitry. Conclusion: Our data indicate that MEMRI can be used to detect whole-brain responses to DBS, as the high frequency stimulation parameters used here caused a significant reduction of cell activity in the circuit of Papez that might help to explain the antiepileptic effects of ANT DBS. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/56663-1 - Centro de imagens e espectroscopia in vivo por ressonância magnética para estudo de modelos animais
Beneficiário:Alberto Tannús
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa CINAPCE - Temático