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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Relationship between Mg, B and Mn status and tomato tolerance against Cd toxicity

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Autor(es):
Amaral Carvalho, Marcia Eugenia [1] ; Piotto, Fernando Angelo [2] ; Franco, Monica Regina [1] ; Rossi, Monica Lanzoni [3] ; Martinelli, Adriana Pinheiro [3] ; Cuypers, Ann [4] ; Azevedo, Ricardo Antunes [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Genet, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Prod Vegetal, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Cena, Div Prod Agroind & Alimentos, Ave Centenario 303, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Agoralaan Bldg D, B-3590 Diepenbeek - Belgium
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Environmental Management; v. 240, p. 84-92, JUN 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Distinct tomato genotypes possess different tolerance degree to cadmium (Cd), but the mechanisms behind this phenomenon are scarcely understood. To this end, the physiological, biochemical, anatomical, nutritional and molecular mechanisms associated to the plant tolerance against Cd toxicity were investigated in five tomato accessions with contrasting sensitivity to Cd exposure. Firstly, the data revealed that larger biomass loss was not always coupled to higher Cd concentration, indicating that other events, in addition to the internal Cd accumulation, impact tomato performance at early stages of Cd exposure. Secondly, the results indicated that the fine regulation of nutrient status, particularly magnesium (Mg), boron (B) and manganese (Mn), is associated to the mitigation of Cd toxicity. Magnesium status was coupled to the modulation of root development, resulting in changes in root hair formation and biomass allocation. Boron accumulation in leaves was linked to Cd toxicity, suggesting that tolerance mechanisms involved strategies to decrease or even avoid B excess in photosynthetic tissues. Disturbances in Mn status, i.e. Mn excess in leaves and Mn deficiency in roots, were also related to tomato sensitivity to Cd exposure. Thirdly, plant capacity to maintain leaf blade expansion is a relevant strategy for a better tomato development after short-term Cd exposure. Fourthly, tomato tolerance to Cd-induced stress does not depend on CAT activity enhancements in such conditions. In conclusion, tomato ability to quickly manage its nutritional status is necessary for alleviation of the Cd effects at early stages of exposure to this metal. The better understanding about tolerance mechanisms and mode of action of Cd toxicity in plants can help in the establishment of strategies to mitigate its impacts on crops. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54676-0 - Estresse oxidativo induzido por metais: novas abordagens
Beneficiário:Ricardo Antunes de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/15217-5 - Abordagem integrada de parâmetros anatômicos, fisiológicos, bioquímicos e moleculares para o estudo de mecanismos de tolerância ao cádmio em acessos de tomateiro
Beneficiário:Marcia Eugenia Amaral de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/26640-1 - Estudo dos mecanismos de tolerância ao cádmio em acessos de tomateiros: abordagens moleculares
Beneficiário:Marcia Eugenia Amaral de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado