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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Feasibility of anaerobic packed and structured-bed reactors for sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin removal from domestic sewage

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Autor(es):
Carneiro, Rodrigo B. [1] ; Sabatini, Carolina A. [1] ; Santos-Neto, Alvaro J. [2] ; Zaiat, Marcelo [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn, Lab Biol Proc, 1100 Joao Dagnone Ave, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem Sao Carlos, Lab Chromatog, 400 Trabalhador Slio Carlense Ave, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 678, p. 419-429, AUG 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This study assessed the applicability of fixed bed bioreactors in two configurations - anaerobic structured bed reactor (ASBR) and anaerobic packed bed reactor (APBR) - in the removal of Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and Cipro-floxacin (CIP), two antibiotics frequently detected in sanitary sewage. The problem of these pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants in conventional sewage treatment systems is mainly because they encourage the development and spread of resistance genes in bacteria. Both reactors had similar performances, and the antibiotics were highly removed - APBR: 85 +/- 10% for SMX and 81 +/- 16% for CIP; ASBR: 83 +/- 12% for SMX and 81 +/- 15% for CIP. The ASBR showed to be potentially more feasible in operating and economic terms compared to the APBR, as the former presents a smaller amount of support material in the bed. SMX was completely biotransformed, while the influence of the sorption mechanism was observed for CIP, as its presence was detected sorbed onto biomass throughout the reaction bed of the reactors, with a partition coefficient (log K D ) of around 2.8 L.kg(-l) TSS. The degradation kinetics of the pharmaceuticals were fitted using a first-order kinetic model, whereby the reactors behaved as plug flow ones, indicating the possibility of optimizing the operation for a hydraulic retention time of 6 h. The removal kinetics was more favorable for CIP (higher apparent constant kinetic- K-CIP(app)>K-SMX(app). since its biodegradation is linked to the biomass, which is more concentrated in the bed bottom layer. The experimental results showed the potential of anaerobic fixed bed reactors in removing environmentally relevant concentrations of SMX and CIP found in sewage. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/06246-7 - Aplicação do conceito de biorrefinaria a estações de tratamento biológico de águas residuárias: o controle da poluição ambiental aliado à recuperação de matéria e energia
Beneficiário:Marcelo Zaiat
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/04427-4 - Avaliação do desempenho de biorreatores anaeróbios de leito fixo ordenado e empacotado para remoção dos antibióticos sulfametoxazol e ciprofloxacina
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Braz Carneiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado