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Individual and contextual factors associated with traumatic dental injuries in a population of Brazilian adolescents

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Leite da Fonseca, Rejane Cristina [1] ; Ferreira Antunes, Jose Leopoldo [2] ; Cascaes, Andreia Morales [3] ; Bomfim, Rafael Aiello [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Dept Community Hlth, Campo Grande - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Pelotas, Sch Dent, Dept Community Hlth, Pelotas - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Sch Dent, Dept Community Hlth, Campo Grande - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DENTAL TRAUMATOLOGY; v. 35, n. 3, p. 171-180, JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background/Aims Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) stand out as one of the major public health problems worldwide, characterized by a high prevalence in children and adolescents. However, their association with the 15-19 years age group has not been fully described. The aim of this study was to evaluate TDIs in a population of Brazilian adolescents. Methods An association study was performed with 5558 adolescents attending the Sao Paulo State Oral Health Survey (SBSP-15). Individual predisposing variables (gender, age, schooling, ethnic, overjet, and molar relationship); contextual predisposing (city size and Municipal Human Development Index); individual enabling (per capita income and type of service used); contextual enabling (number of dentists, family health team coverage, and family median income); individual need (satisfaction and perception regarding treatment) and contextual needs (average supervised brushing, number of visits, and dental extractions per city), as well as health behaviors were analyzed. Andersen's behavioral model was used for the data analysis. A multilevel logistic regression with fixed effects was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR), with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results The prevalence of TDIs in adolescents was 1.42% (95% CI: 0.94-2.13). Individual and contextual factors of need, predisposing factors, facilitators, and health behaviors were associated with TDIs. In the adjusted analysis, gender (OR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.18-0.53), mean family income (OR = 2.52, 95% CI: 1.35-4.69), number of dental visits (OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.19-0.84), and time of last visit (OR = 2.64, 95% CI: 1.46-4.77) remained significant concerning trauma. Conclusion At least one variable of the individual and contextual predisposing, enabling, and need factors (except for individual enabling variables) were associated with dental trauma in Brazilian adolescents aged 15-19 years. This information may help with the planning of preventive actions and dental treatment, especially in mid-sized and large cities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50109-1 - SB-SP 2014: levantamento das condições de Saúde Bucal / Estado SP
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisa em Políticas Públicas para o SUS