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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Land use alters trophic redundancy and resource flow through stream food webs

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Autor(es):
Price, Elliott L. [1, 2] ; Peric, Mirela Sertic [3] ; Romero, Gustavo Q. [4] ; Kratina, Pavel [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Queen Mary Univ London, Sch Biol & Chem Sci, London - England
[2] Univ Liverpool, Dept Earth Ocean & Ecol Sci, Liverpool, Merseyside - England
[3] Univ Zagreb, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Zagreb - Croatia
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Dept Biol Anim, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Animal Ecology; v. 88, n. 5, p. 677-689, MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The changes to physical and chemical ecosystem characteristics as a response to pervasive and intensifying land use have the potential to alter the consumer-resource interactions and to rewire the flow of energy through entire food webs. We investigated these structural and functional properties of food webs in stream ecosystems distributed across woodland, agricultural and urban areas in the Zagreb region of Croatia. We compared resource availability and consumer diet composition using stable isotope mixing models and tested how the isotopic variance of basal resources, primary consumers, macroinvertebrate predators and other food web characteristics change with different land-use types. Combination of increased loading and altered composition of nutrients, lower water discharge and higher light availability at urban sites likely promoted the contribution of aquatic macrophytes to diets of primary consumers. Macroinvertebrate predators shifted their diet, relying more on active filterers at urban sites relative to woodland and agricultural sites. Urban food webs also had lower trophic redundancy (i.e. fewer species at each trophic level) and a more homogenized energy flow from lower to higher trophic levels. There was no effect of land use on isotopic variation of basal resources, primary consumers or macroinvertebrate predators, but all these trophic groups at urban and agricultural sites were N-15-enriched relative to their counterparts in woodland stream food webs. The physical and chemical ecosystem characteristics associated with intensive land use altered the resource availability, trophic redundancy and the flow of energy to other trophic levels, with potentially negative consequences for community dynamics and ecosystem functioning. These empirical findings indicate that reducing nutrient pollution, agricultural runoffs and maintaining riparian vegetation can mitigate the impacts of land use on structure and function of stream ecosystems. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/01209-9 - Efeitos das mudanças climáticas sobre estrutura de redes tróficas em gradientes latitudinais
Beneficiário:Gustavo Quevedo Romero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa