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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dispositional mindfulness, affect and tobacco dependence among treatment naive cigarette smokers in Brazil

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Autor(es):
de Souza, Isabel Weiss [1] ; Kozasa, Elisa Harumi [2] ; Rabello, Luane A. [3] ; Mattozo, Beatriz [3] ; Bowen, Sarah [4] ; Richter, Kimber P. [5] ; Andreoli Sartes, Laisa Marcorela [3] ; Noto, Ana Regina [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, Rua Botucatu 862, 1 Andar, Edificio Ciencias Biomed, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Juiz De Fora, Dept Psicol, Juiz De Fora - Brazil
[4] Pacific Univ, Sch Grad Psychol, Hillsboro, OR - USA
[5] Univ Kansas, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med & Publ Hlth, Kansas City, KS - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOBACCO INDUCED DISEASES; v. 17, APR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

INTRODUCTION The current study examined associations between affective and smoking-related factors, and dispositional mindfulness among smokers seeking enrollment in a cessation program in Brazil. METHODS Participants were first-time treatment seeking adult smokers (N=90) on a waiting list for a government-sponsored cessation program. Pearson's bivariate correlations assessed relationships between the primary outcome variable (dispositional mindfulness) and each explanatory variable (nicotine dependence, depression, anxiety, and state positive/negative affect). Linear regression analyses evaluated the unique contribution of each explanatory variable when controlling for the others. RESULTS The sample (N=90) was predominantly female (n=71) and most (79%) had 11 or fewer years of education. In the final regression model, a total of 36.2% of the variance in dispositional mindfulness was accounted for by positive affect (B=0.81, p< 0.001), negative affect (B= -0.44, p=0.02), and level of nicotine dependence (B=1.48, p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS Positive and negative affect, as well as nicotine dependence, account for a significant and sizable amount of the variance in dispositional mindfulness. Future mindfulness interventions for smoking cessation should be designed to address individual differences in affect, as well as nicotine dependence, in order to better tailor treatment to address baseline differences in mindfulness. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/02316-5 - Avaliação da efetividade do programa de Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) como estratégia adjunta ao tratamento da dependência de tabaco
Beneficiário:Ana Regina Noto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular