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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Consequences of clear-cutting and drought on fine root dynamics down to 17 m in coppice-managed eucalypt plantations

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Autor(es):
Germon, Amandine [1, 2] ; Jourdan, Christophe [3, 1] ; Bordron, Bruno [4] ; Robin, Agnes [3, 1, 5] ; Nouvellon, Yann [3, 1, 4] ; Chapuis-Lardy, Lydie [1, 6] ; de Moraes Goncalves, Jose Leonardo [4] ; Pradier, Celine [3, 1] ; Guerrini, Irae Amaral [2] ; Laclau, Jean-Paul [3, 1, 4, 2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Montpellier, Eco & Sols, CIRAD, INRA, IRD, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier - France
[2] UNESP Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Agr Sci, BR-18610307 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] CIRAD, UMR Eco & Sols, F-34060 Montpellier - France
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Forest Sci Dept, ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Soil Sci Dept, ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[6] IRD, UMR Eco & Sols, LMI IESOL, BP 1380, Dakar 18524 - Senegal
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 445, p. 48-59, AUG 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Improving our understanding of the spatiotemporal dynamics of fine roots in deep soil layers is of utter importance to manage tropical planted forests in a context of climate change. Our study aimed to assess the effect of dear-cutting and drought on fine-root dynamics down to the water table in Brazilian ferralsol under eucalypt plantations conducted in coppice. Fine roots (i.e. diameter < 2 mm) were sampled down to 17 m deep.in a throughfall exclusion experiment comparing stands with 37% of throughfall excluded by plastic sheets (-W) and stands without rain exclusion (+ W). Root dynamics were studied using minirhizotron in two permanent pits down to 17 m deep, over 1 year before clear-cutting, then over 2 years in coppice, as well as down to 4 m deep in a non-harvested plot (NH) serving as a control. After harvesting, a spectacular fine root growth of trees conducted in coppice occurred in very deep soil layers (> 13 m) and, surprisingly, root mortality remained extremely low whatever the depth and the treatment. Total fine-root biomass in coppice down to 17 m depth was 1266 and 1017 g m(-2) in + W and -W, respectively, at 1.5 year after the clear-cut and was 1078 g m(-2) in NH 7.5 years after planting. Specific root length and specific root area were about 15% higher in -W than in + W. Proliferation of fine roots at great depths could be an adaptive mechanism for tree survival, enhancing the access to water stored in the subsoil. The root system established before clear-cutting provides access to water stored in very deep layers that probably contribute to mitigate the risk of tree mortality during prolonged drought periods when the eucalypt plantations is conducted in coppice after the clear-cut. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/24911-8 - Consequência do corte raso e da pluviometria sobre a produção de raízes finas, CO2 e N2O até o lençol freático em povoamentos de Eucalyptus grandis conduzidos em talhadia.
Beneficiário:Amandine Esther Louise Germon
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado