Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of Calcium and Fluoride Addition to Hydrogen Peroxide Bleaching Gel On Tooth Diffusion, Color, and Microhardness

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Torres, C. R. G. [1] ; Zanatta, R. F. [1, 2] ; Silva, T. J. [1, 2] ; Borges, A. B. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Restorat Dent, Av Engn Francisco Jose Longo, 777 Jd Sao Dimas, BR-12245000 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Operative Dentistry; v. 44, n. 4, p. 424-432, JUL-AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of calcium and fluoride addition to a 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) bleaching gel with regard to its diffusion through the tooth structure, enamel microhardness, and bleaching efficacy. Methods and Materials: Eighty specimens (6 mm in diameter and 2 mm in height; 1 mm/enamel and 1 mm/dentin) were obtained from bovine incisors that were polished and divided into four groups (n=20) according to the remineralizing agent added to the gel: Ca = 0.5% calcium gluconate; F = 0.2% sodium fluoride; Ca+F = 0.5% calcium gluconate and 0.2% sodium fluoride; and control = no agent. Initial microhardness and color were assessed. The samples were positioned over simulated pulpal chambers filled with acetate buffer solution to capture the HP. Gels were applied over enamel for 30 minutes, and HP diffusion was assessed by spectrophotometry two hours after bleaching. Microhardness was measured immediately after bleaching and then the specimens were immersed into artificial saliva for seven days for final color assessment. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey test. Results: Bleaching reduced microhardness for all groups (p=0.0001), but the Ca+F and F groups showed lower reductions after bleaching. The addition of Ca, F, and Ca+F decreased the peroxide penetration through the tooth structure (p=0.0001), but there were no differences in color change for Delta L (p=0.357), Delta a (p=0.061), Delta b (p=0.823), and Delta E (p=0.581). Conclusion: The addition of calcium and fluoride in the gel did not affect bleaching efficacy, but it was able to reduce both the peroxide diffusion and the bleached enamel microhardness loss. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/26449-4 - Efeito da adição de flúor e cálcio no gel clareador a base de peróxido de hidrogênio na penetração, cor e microdureza
Beneficiário:Tatiane Josefa da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica