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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Groundwater Recharge Decrease Replacing Pasture by Eucalyptus Plantation

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Autor(es):
Mattos, Tiago Souza [1, 2] ; Sanches de Oliveira, Paulo Tarso [1, 2] ; Lucas, Murilo Cesar [1, 3] ; Wendland, Edson [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hydraul & Sanit Engn, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Fac Engn Architecture & Urbanism & Geog, BR-79070900 Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[3] Univ Tecnol Fed Parana, Dept Civil Engn, BR-85502970 Pato Branco, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER; v. 11, n. 6 JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

An important unsolved question in hydrology science is the consequence of the Eucalyptus afforestation on groundwater recharge. Here, we assessed recharge estimates before and after converting pasture cover to Eucalyptus plantation. Groundwater levels, recharge, rainfall (P) and actual evapotranspiration (ET) were evaluated from 2004 through 2016 over an outcrop area of the Guarani Aquifer System (GAS) in the southeastern Brazil. Recharge was estimated using the water-table fluctuation method. We observed a decrease of 100 mm/year in groundwater levels after land use changed from pasture to Eucalyptus. The average recharge decreased from 407 mm/year (27% of mean P) to 194 mm/year (13% of mean P) after land use change over the study area. We found a recharge decrease of 19% in 2012 and 58% in 2013 under similar annual rainfall in comparison with the long-term mean recharge (from 2004 to 2016). Our results indicated that the high values of ET observed in Eucalyptus plantation decreases water availability for recharge. Therefore, our findings are important to agencies for decision-making in water resources regarding the management of land cover and land use. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/03806-1 - Disponibilidade hídrica e riscos de contaminação em áreas de afloramento do Sistema Aquífero Guarani
Beneficiário:Edson Cezar Wendland
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático