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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Phylogenomics and genital morphology of cave raptor spiders (Araneae, Trogloraptoridae) reveal an independent origin of a flow-through female genital system

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Michalik, Peter [1] ; Kallal, Robert [2] ; Dederichs, Tim M. [1] ; Labarque, Facundo M. [3] ; Hormiga, Gustavo [2] ; Giribet, Gonzalo [4] ; Ramirez, Martin J. [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Ernst Moritz Arndt Univ Greifswald, Zool Inst & Museum, Loitzer Str 26, Greifswald - Germany
[2] George Washington Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Washington, DC 20052 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolut, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Museum Comparat Zool, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[5] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH; v. 57, n. 4 AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The monotypic family Trogloraptoridae was only recently described from caves and old-growth forest of Oregon and California (Western USA). These enigmatic spiders are characterized by striking raptorial claws, and based on their spinneret morphology, a close relationship to dysderoid spiders, a large clade within Synspermiata, was suggested. Here, we used a phylogenomic framework using transcriptomes to test the phylogenetic position of Trogloraptor marchingtoni. Our analysis placed this taxon within Synspermiata, which is supported by the presence of synspermia. Furthermore, a sister group relationship with Dysderoidea is strongly supported. In a second step, we reinvestigated the female genitalia using a non-destructive approach. Our data revealed that Trogloraptor has a flow-through genital system (entelegyne condition) and is not haplogyne as previously described based on dissections. The Trogloraptor female genital system consists of paired large spermathecae, which connect by a fertilization duct to a wide bursa. The copulatory duct arises from the sclerotized anterior margin of the bursa, and its organization is likely related to the organization of the male intromittent organ. Based on our phylogenetic data, we show that the entelegyne condition evolved at least six times independently within spiders. Moreover, our results indicate that the peculiar organization of the dysderoid female genitalia with an additional posterior sperm storage site is a synapomorphy of this Synspermiata clade. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/23369-2 - Tarso e pretarso: uma narrativa sobre a evolução e função dos últimos segmentos das pernas das aranhas
Beneficiário:Facundo Martin Labarque
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado