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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Low -load pathogen spillover predicts shifts in skin microbiome and survival of a terrestrial-breeding amphibian

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Autor(es):
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Becker, C. Guilherme [1] ; Bletz, Molly C. [2] ; Greenspan, Sasha E. [1] ; Rodriguez, David [3] ; Lambertini, Carolina [4] ; Jenkinson, Thomas S. [5] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [6] ; Assis, Ana Paula A. [6] ; Geffers, Robert [7] ; Jarek, Michael [7] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [4] ; Vences, Miguel [8] ; Haddad, Celio F. B. [9, 10]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Alabama, Dept Biol Sci, Tuscaloosa, AL 35847 - USA
[2] Univ Massachusetts, Dept Biol, Boston, MA 02125 - USA
[3] Texas State Univ, Dept Biol, San Marcos, TX 78666 - USA
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Anim Biol, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[7] Helmholtz Ctr Infect Res, Dept Genome Analyt, D-38124 Braunschweig, LS - Germany
[8] Braunschweig Univ Technol, Zool Inst, Div Evolutionary Biol, D-38106 Braunschweig, LS - Germany
[9] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[10] Univ Estadual Paulista, Aquaculture Ctr CAUNESP, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 286, n. 1908 JUL 31 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Wildlife disease dynamics are strongly influenced by the structure of host communities and their symbiotic microbiota. Conspicuous amphibian declines associated with the waterborne fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) have been observed in aquatic-breeding frogs globally. However, less attention has been given to cryptic terrestrial-breeding amphibians that have also been declining in tropical regions. By experimentally manipulating multiple tropical amphibian assemblages harbouring natural microbial communities, we tested whether Bd spillover from naturally infected aquatic-breeding frogs could lead to Bd amplification and mortality in our focal terrestrial-breeding host: the pumpkin toadlet Brachycephalus pitanga. We also tested whether the strength of spillover could vary depending on skin bacterial transmission within host assemblages. Terrestrial-breeding toadlets acquired lethal spillover infections from neighbouring aquatic hosts and experienced dramatic but generally non protective shifts in skin bacterial composition primarily attributable to their Bd infections. By contrast, aquatic-bleeding amphibians maintained mild Bd infections and higher survival, with shifts in bacterial microbiomes that were unrelated to Bd infections. Our results indicate that Bd spillover from even mildly infected aquatic-breeding hosts may lead to dysbiosis and mortality in terrestrial-breeding species, underscoring the need to further investigate recent population declines of terrestrial-breeding amphibians in the tropics. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25358-3 - O fungo quitrídio no Brasil: da sua origem às suas consequências
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50741-7 - Diversidade e conservação dos anfíbios brasileiros
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático