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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of temperature induction in focal ischemic thermocoagulation model

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Autor(es):
da Silva, Helio [1, 2] ; Nucci, Mariana P. [3] ; Mamani, Javier B. [2] ; Mendez-Otero, Rosalie [4] ; Nucci, Leopoldo P. [5, 2] ; Tannus, Alberto [6] ; Gamarra, Lionel F. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Santa Casa Misericordia Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Hosp Israelite Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biofis Carlos Chagas Filho, Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, CIERMag Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 7 JUL 5 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The thermocoagulation model, which consists of focal cerebral ischemia with craniectomy, is helpful in studying permanent ischemic brain lesions and has good reproducibility and low mortality. This study analyzed the best conditions for inducing a focal ischemic lesion by thermocoagulation. We investigated parameters such as temperature and thermal dissipation in the brain tissue during induction and analyzed real-time blood perfusion, histological changes, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and motor behavior in a permanent ischemic stroke model. We used three-month-old male Wistar rats, weighing 300-350 g. In the first experiment, the animals were divided into four groups (n = 5 each): one sham surgery group and three ischemic lesion groups having thermocoagulation induction (TCI) temperatures of 200 degrees C, 300 degrees C, and 400 degrees C, respectively, with blood perfusion (basal and 30 min after TCI) and 2,3,5-Triphenyl-tetrazolium chloride (TTC) evaluation at 2 h after TCI. In the second experiment, five groups (n = 5 each) were analyzed by MRI (basal and 24 h after TCI) and behavioral tests (basal and seven days after TCI) with the control group added for the surgical effects. The MRI and TTC analyses revealed that ischemic brain lesions expressively evolved, especially at TCI temperatures of 300 degrees C and 400 degrees C, and significant motor deficits were observed as the animals showed a decrease frequency of movement and an asymmetric pattern. We conclude that a TCI temperature of 400 degrees C causes permanent ischemic stroke and motor deficit. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/21470-3 - Ação terapêutica das células tronco mesenquimais da medula humana, marcadas com nanopartículas multimodais em ratos diabéticos submetidos a isquemia cerebral focal: estudo dos mecanismos celulares, moleculares e funcionais
Beneficiário:Lionel Fernel Gamarra Contreras
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/50983-3 - INCT 2014: fluidos complexos
Beneficiário:Antonio Martins Figueiredo Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático