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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Is virtual reality effective in improving the motor performance of children with developmental coordination disorder? A systematic review

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Autor(es):
Cavalcante Neto, Jorge L. [1] ; de Oliveira, Cristina C. [1] ; Greco, Ana L. [1] ; Zamuner, Antonio R. [2] ; Moreira, Roberta C. [1] ; Tudella, Eloisa [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Physiotherapy, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Catholic Univ Maule, Dept Kinesiol, Talca - Chile
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine; v. 55, n. 2, p. 291-300, APR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

INTRODUCTION: Although virtual reality (VR) is an increasingly popular approach within studies that propose interventions for children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), evidence on the effectiveness of VR remains debatable. The aim of this study was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of VR interventions for motor performance improvement in children with DCD. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were conducted in the MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and ERIC databases to select studies published from 1 January 2006 to 30 November 2017. Two independent reviewers performed the primary study selection based on titles, abstracts and full-text reading; this selection included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that applied VR interventions to children with DCD and assessed outcomes related to motor performance. The methodological quality of the studies included in the search was assessed through the PEDro scale. PRISMA guidelines and Cochrane recommendations for systematic reviews were followed. The effect size of each intervention was calculated to allow for the interpretation of clinical effects, and the body of evidence was synthesised through the GRADE approach. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 2160 publications were retrieved; by the end of the selection process, twelve RCTs had been included. Of these twelve, seven were classified as having high methodological quality. Only three studies satisfied the homogeneity conditions to be assessed through the GRADE system, which showed a low level of evidence in favor of VR for improving the motor performance of children with DCD. CONCLUSIONS: Not enough evidence currently exists to support or refute the use of VR over non-VR interventions for improving motor performance in children with DCD. Despite the potential for improving the motor performance of DCD children, the absence of specific protocols prevents formal recommendations of VR for these children. Future studies should consider VR protocols that are more specific regarding the tasks, features and target motor skills to be developed by DCD children. In addition, comparisons of similar groups at baseline, the concealment of allocation and the blinding of assessors are internal validity aspects which deserve researchers' attention. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/24291-0 - Análise comparativa dos efeitos de intervenções com e sem realidade virtual no desempenho motor e gasto energético de crianças com baixa proficiência motora
Beneficiário:Eloisa Tudella
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular