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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Forest-to-agriculture conversion in Amazon drives soil microbial communities and N-cycle

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Autor(es):
Merloti, Luis Fernando [1] ; Mendes, Lucas William [1] ; Pedrinho, Alexandre [1] ; de Souza, Leandro Fonseca [1] ; Ferrari, Beatriz Maria [1] ; Tsai, Siu Mui [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr CENA, Cell & Mol Biol Lab, Ave Centenario 303, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 137, OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Soil microorganisms play an important role in the N cycle; however, these communities are sensitive to soil disturbances. Understanding the influence of anthropogenic activities on soil microbial communities would increase our ability to establish conservation strategies in the Amazon region, where deforestation has become a great concern. We hypothesized that forest-to-agriculture conversion in a short- and long-term is responsible for alterations in soil chemical properties, with consequences on the composition, diversity, and potential function of microbial communities. Here, we used 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing and quantitative PCR to assess the bacterial and archaeal composition, diversity, abundance, and the potential functions related to the N-cycle in a natural forest and agricultural fields with 2-, 8-, and 20-years after conversion in the Amazon region. We observed that soil chemical properties were altered by the forest-to-agriculture conversion, which consequently affected the bacterial and archaeal communities. In general, Ca, Al, NH4+, and N-total were significantly correlated to the overall microbial community structure. Forest-to-agriculture conversion also altered the microbial composition and potential functions related to the N-cycle, increasing the nitrification and denitrification processes in agricultural soils, while natural forest demonstrated to be a potential N2O sink. Together, our data demonstrated the impacts of forest-to-agriculture conversion in the Amazon region and add important information for future research that seeks the development of more sustainable agriculture. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50320-4 - Dimensões US-BIOTA - São Paulo: pesquisa colaborativa: integrando as dimensões da biodiversidade microbiana ao longo de áreas de alteração do uso da terra em florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:Tsai Siu Mui
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático