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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Temporal shifts in butterfly diversity: responses to natural and anthropic forest transitions

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Autor(es):
Lourenco, G. M. [1, 2] ; Luna, P. [3] ; Guevara, R. [4] ; Dattilo, W. [3] ; Freitas, A. V. L. [1] ; Ribeiro, S. P. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Ecol Insetos Dossel & Sucessao Nat, Lab Ecohlth, Inst Ciencias Biol, NUPEB, BR-35400000 Ouro Preto, MG - Brazil
[3] Inst Ecol AC, Red Ecoetol, Xalapa 91070, Veracruz - Mexico
[4] Inst Ecol AC, Red Biol Evolut, Xalapa 91070, Veracruz - Mexico
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF INSECT CONSERVATION; DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Butterfly species often synchronize their life cycles to seasonality, as increasing temperature and rainfall act as clues of resource availability. Nevertheless, human-made forest edges cause major changes in the microclimatic conditions that may jeopardize the synchrony between insects and favorable conditions for their emergence, conversely to natural ecotones. Here, the distribution of fruit-feeding butterflies was studied over one year in three different habitats (forest interior, forest ecotone, forest edge) to examine if: (i) species richness and abundance varies among habitats and subfamily/tribe over the year; (ii) temperature and rainfall affect the abundance and temporal distribution of species richness; and (iii) the beta diversity and its monthly partition are similar among habitats. The present study was carried out in the Rio Doce State Park, Brazil, a 36,000 ha forest reserve. In total, 11,594 individuals representing 98 butterfly species were collected. The butterflies presented a nonuniform distribution of abundance in all habitats, with greater abundance, richness and species diversity during the wet season. Butterfly abundance increased with high temperatures in all habitats. The contribution of species turnover and nestedness varied over the months, overlapping with the seasonal changes. Understanding how rates of species turnover vary over time in different habitats can help explain the vulnerability of species to environmental changes, allowing comparison of assemblages over time. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50225-3 - História natural, filogenia e conservação de lepidópteros neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático