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Links between prey assemblages and poison frog toxins: A landscape ecology approach to assess how biotic interactions affect species phenotypes

Texto completo
Prates, Ivan [1] ; Paz, Andrea [2, 3] ; Brown, Jason L. [4, 5] ; Carnaval, Ana C. [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Dept Vertebrate Zool, Washington, DC 20560 - USA
[2] CUNY, Grad Ctr, New York, NY - USA
[3] CUNY City Coll, Dept Biol, 138Th St & Convent Ave, New York, NY 10031 - USA
[4] Southern Illinois Univ, Cooperat Wildlife Res Lab, Carbondale, IL 62901 - USA
[5] Southern Illinois Univ, Ctr Ecol, Carbondale, IL 62901 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION; v. 9, n. 24 NOV 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Ecological studies of species pairs showed that biotic interactions promote phenotypic change and eco-evolutionary feedbacks. However, it is unclear how phenotypes respond to synergistic interactions with multiple taxa. We investigate whether interactions with multiple prey species explain spatially structured variation in the skin toxins of the neotropical poison frog Oophaga pumilio. Specifically, we assess how dissimilarity (i.e., beta diversity) of alkaloid-bearing arthropod prey assemblages (68 ant species) and evolutionary divergence between frog populations (from a neutral genetic marker) contribute to frog poison dissimilarity (toxin profiles composed of 230 different lipophilic alkaloids sampled from 934 frogs at 46 sites). We find that models that incorporate spatial turnover in the composition of ant assemblages explain part of the frog alkaloid variation, and we infer unique alkaloid combinations across the range of O. pumilio. Moreover, we find that alkaloid variation increases weakly with the evolutionary divergence between frog populations. Our results pose two hypotheses: First, the distribution of only a few prey species may explain most of the geographic variation in poison frog alkaloids; second, different codistributed prey species may be redundant alkaloid sources. The analytical framework proposed here can be extended to other multitrophic systems, coevolutionary mosaics, microbial assemblages, and ecosystem services. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático