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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Multi-energy calibration to circumvent matrix effects in the determination of biodiesel quality parameters by UV-Vis spectrophotometry

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Autor(es):
Soares, Samara [1] ; Rocha, Fabio R. P. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Av Centenario 303, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Talanta; v. 209, MAR 1 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Biodiesel is a sustainable fuel, which consists of a mixture of fatty acid alkyl esters obtained by the transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats. Due to the diversity of raw materials used in its production, the biofuel can show significant differences in its physicochemical properties, which causes severe matrix effects in biodiesel analysis. In this work, a calibration strategy recently proposed for atomic spectrometry, named multi-energy calibration (MEC), was evaluated as a tool to circumvent matrix effects in molecular spectrometry. The strategy yielded more accurate results in the spectrophotometric determination of the iodine value and free glycerol in biodiesel produced from different raw materials (root mean square error of prediction, RMSEP, values of 6.0 and 8.0, respectively), than both external standard calibration (EC, RMSEP as high as 45.6) and the standard additions method (SAM, RMSEP as high as 25.3). Moreover, results agreed with those obtained by the reference procedures at the 95% confidence level, which was not observed for EC (free glycerol determination) and SAM (iodine value determination). Coefficients of variation (n = 8) and limits of detection (99.7% confidence level) were, respectively, estimated at 1.7% and 5 g I-2/100 g iodine value and 3.0% and 10 mg kg(-1) free glycerol in biodiesel, which are comparable to or better than those achieved using previously proposed procedures. Thus, MEC is a viable altemative for biodiesel quality control, with outstanding minimization of matrix effects, simplicity, practicality, and environmental friendliness. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/07687-5 - Avaliação de estratégias de calibração, imagens digitais e análises em fluxo para o controle de qualidade de biodiesel
Beneficiário:Samara Soares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado