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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nanocellulose Production in Future Biorefineries: An Integrated Approach Using Tailor-Made Enzymes

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Autor(es):
Squinca, Paula [1, 2] ; Bilatto, Stanley [1] ; Badino, Alberto C. [2] ; Farinas, Cristiane S. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Embrapa Instrumentat, Nanotechnol Natl Lab Agr LNNA, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Grad Program Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING; v. 8, n. 5, p. 2277-2286, FEB 10 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

The development of process engineering approaches to integrate the production of biofuels and high value-added biobased products, such as enzymes and nanocellulose, is crucial to improve the financial performance and sustainability of lignocellulosic biomass biorefineries. Here, the feasibility of applying enzymes produced on-site to obtain nanocellulose was evaluated using eucalyptus cellulose pulp as a model feedstock. A systematic analysis of the structural properties of the nanomaterials obtained after hydrolysis using a cellulolytic enzymatic complex with high endoglucanase specific activity (17.09 IU/mg(protein)), produced by Aspergillus niger, followed by sonication, revealed that longer ball milling pretreatment and reaction times favored extraction of the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The highest yield (24.6%) of CNCs was achieved using 96 h of enzymatic hydrolysis of the ball-milled cellulose pulp, followed by sonication for 5 min. The CNCs presented approximate lengths of 294.0 nm and diameters of 24.0 nm, and the crystallinity index increased from 57.5% to 78.3%, compared to the cellulose pulp that was only ball milled. These findings demonstrated that nanocelluloses could be successfully extracted using on-site produced enzymes and that the sustainable integrated process reported here could contribute to the development of the nascent biobased economy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/10899-4 - Aproveitamento da biomassa lignocelulósica residual do processamento de etanol 2G para obtenção de nanocelulose via rota enzimática
Beneficiário:Stanley Endrigo Bilatto Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/10636-8 - Da fábrica celular à biorrefinaria integrada Biodiesel-Bioetanol: uma abordagem sistêmica aplicada a problemas complexos em micro e macroescalas
Beneficiário:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático