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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mineral sorbents for ammonium recycling from industry to agriculture

Texto completo
Shinzato, Mirian Chieko [1] ; Wu, Luis Fernando [1] ; Mariano, Thais Oliveira [1] ; Freitas, Juliana Gardenalli [1] ; Martins, Tereza Silva [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, Campus Diadema, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, BR-09913030 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Environmental Science and Pollution Research; v. 27, n. 12 FEB 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

In tropical environments, nutrient-poor soils are commonly found, leading to high fertilizers application rates to support agricultural activities. In contrast, anthropogenic activities generate large amounts of effluents containing nitrogen. In this study, two minerals (natural zeolite and vermiculite) were tested to remove NH4+ from an industrial effluent with high pH and contents in Na+ and K+. Afterwards, they were tested as an alternative slow-release fertilizer in the soil. To verify the best conditions to adsorb NH4+, batch tests were conducted using synthetic solutions and an industrial effluent. In general, the efficiency of both minerals in removing NH4+ was high (85% for zeolite and almost 70% for vermiculite) as well as the ability to decrease the industrial effluent pH. In this process, more NH4+ and K+ ions were removed in comparison with Na+, which remained in solution. These minerals were tested as slow-release fertilizers by leaching with distilled water (both minerals releasing 2 mg L-1 NH4+) and with an acid solution (releasing 10 mg L-1 NH4+ from zeolite and 50 mg L-1 NH4+ from vermiculite-corresponding only to 12% of total NH4+ retained by zeolite and 29% by vermiculite). During the test of soil incubation with zeolite-NH4+, the NH4+ ions of the exchangeable sites were retained for a longer period, minimizing their loss by leaching and biological nitrification. Consequently, soil acidification was prevented. Therefore, both minerals showed high efficiency in removing NH4+ from solution which can then be slowly released as a nutrient in the soil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/03595-1 - Interpore 11th Annual Meeting
Beneficiário:Mirian Chieko Shinzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Reunião - Exterior
Processo FAPESP: 11/13168-1 - Caracterização mineralógica e tecnológica de zeólitas para uso no tratamento de efluentes da indústria de reciclagem de alumínio
Beneficiário:Mirian Chieko Shinzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular