Busca avançada
Ano de início
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evolution of reproductive traits in the mahagony family (Meliaceae)

Texto completo
Gama, Rebeca Laino [1] ; Muellner-Riehl, Alexandra Nora [2, 3, 4] ; Demarco, Diego [1] ; Pirani, Jose Rubens [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Rua Matao 277, Edificio Herbario SPF, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Deutsch Pl 5e, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
[3] Univ Leipzig, Inst Biol, Dept Mol Evolut, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
[4] Univ Leipzig, Inst Biol, Plant Systemat & Herbarium LZ, Johannisallee 21-23, D-04103 Leipzig - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 1

Meliaceae are a mostly pantropical family in the Sapindales, bearing flowers typically provided with a staminal tube, formed by filaments that are fused partially or totally. Nevertheless, several genera of subfamily Cedreloideae have free stamens, which may be adnate to an androgynophore in some taxa. The fact that the family exhibits a wide diversity of floral and fruit features, as well as of sexual systems and pollination syndromes, presents interesting questions on the evolutionary processes that might have taken place during its history. In this study, we analyzed the distribution of 20 reproductive morphological traits of Meliaceae, upon an available molecular phylogenetic framework, using 31 terminals from the family's two main clades (Cedreloideae and Melioideae), plus six Simaroubaceae taxa as outgroup. We aimed to identify and/or confirm synapomorphies for clades within the family and to develop hypotheses on floral evolution and sexual systems in the group. Our reconstruction suggests that the ancestor of Meliaceae was possibly provided with united stamens and unisexual flowers in dioecious individuals, with a subsequent change to free stamens and monoecy in the ancestor of Cedreloideae. Most characters studied show some degree of homoplasy, but some are unique synapomorphies of clades, such as the haplostemonous androecium. An androgynophore defines the Cedrela-Toona clade. The comparative approach of our study and the evolutionary hypotheses generated herein reveal several aspects demanding further structural investigation, and possible evolutionary pathways of the reproductive structures along with the lineages' diversification, mostly related to the specialization of sexual systems, floral biology, and dispersal strategies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/18002-2 - Sapindales: filogenia e diversificação na região neotropical
Beneficiário:José Rubens Pirani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático