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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy action of phenothiazinium dyes in planktonic Candida albicans is increased in sodium dodecyl sulfate

Texto completo
Autor(es):
da Collina, Gabriela Alves [1] ; Freire, Fernanda [1] ; Barbosa, Vinicius da Silva [1] ; Correa, Caroline Bento [1] ; Nascimento, Helenyce Reis [1] ; Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Anna Carolina [1] ; Teixeira da Silva, Daniela de Fatima [1] ; Prates, Renato Araujo [1] ; Pavani, Christiane [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Nove Julho UNINOVE, Programa Posgrad Biofoton Aplicada Ciencias Saude, Rua Vergueiro 235-249, BR-01504001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy; v. 29, MAR 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background: Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) is an important therapeutic platform for antimicrobial activity, especially due to the resistant strains, however, the physical-chemical properties of the photosensitizers may affect the final outcome. Recently, this research group showed that the control of aggregation potentiates the PACT action of Methylene Blue. In this study, the researchers investigated the PACT action of other phenothiazinium dyes (PDs), such as Azure A, Azure B (AB), and 1,9-dimethyl methylene blue (DMMB), and the effects of different mediums which modulate PD aggregation were studied. Methods: The C. albicans planktonic culture was treated with PDs at different concentrations (0-100.00 mg/L), both in the dark (5 min) and irradiated (640 +/- 12 nm LED during 30 min, 2.60 mW/cm(2)). After the treatments, the diluted samples were grown on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar and maintained at 37 degrees C for 24 h. Later, one single concentration was defined and the inoculum was treated with the compounds in different media (water, phosphate buffer saline - PBS, physiological solution - 0.90 % NaCl, urea 1.00 mol/L, and sodium dodecyl sulfate 0.25 % - SDS), at 20.00 mg/L for AA and AB, and at 0.50 mg/L for DMMB. The cell uptake and the dimer to the monomer ratios were determined by spectrophotometry. Results: PACT with the PDs showed a reduction in the CFU/mL, with DMMB being the most effective due to the higher cell uptake within the series. When PACT was applied in the different mediums, the inactivation response was influenced by the medium. In water, the physiological solution, PBS, and urea showed no significant differences in relation to the control group. On the other hand, SDS potentiated the PACT action, and the inactivation of the microorganism was achieved with AB and DMMB. Conclusions: In water, DMMB presented the highest PACT action within the PDs being studied, reaching a microorganism inactivation with a 1.00 mg/L solution, mainly due to its high cell uptake. SDS 0.25 % increased the PACT action of the PDs studied, mainly with DMMB and AB, and this may be used in formulations to develop antimicrobial treatments to be used in clinics. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/08255-9 - Avaliação da eficiência fotodinâmica de fenotiazinas na inativação de Candida albicans
Beneficiário:Vinicius da Silva Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 16/03037-0 - Agregação de fotossensibilizadores e suas implicações nos mecanismos fotoquímicos e na efetividade da Terapia Fotodinâmica
Beneficiário:Christiane Pavani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/11840-3 - Avaliação do efeito da agregação de fenotiazinas na produção fotoinduzida de espécies reativas de oxigênio
Beneficiário:Helenyce Reis do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica