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Supercritical regime for the kissing polynomials

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Autor(es):
Celsus, Andrew F. [1] ; Silva, Guilherme L. F. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Cambridge, Cambridge - England
[2] Univ Sao Paulo ICMC USP, Inst Ciencias Matemat & Comp, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Approximation Theory; v. 255, JUL 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We study a family of polynomials which are orthogonal with respect to the varying, highly oscillatory complex weight function e(ni lambda z) on {[}-1, 1], where lambda is a positive parameter. This family of polynomials has appeared in the literature recently in connection with complex quadrature rules, and their asymptotics have been previously studied when lambda is smaller than a certain critical value, lambda(c). Our main goal is to compute their asymptotics when lambda > lambda(c). We first provide a geometric description, based on the theory of quadratic differentials, of the curves in the complex plane which will eventually support the asymptotic zero distribution of these polynomials. Next, using the powerful Riemann-Hilbert formulation of the orthogonal polynomials due to Fokas, Its, and Kitaev, along with its method of asymptotic solution via Deift-Zhou nonlinear steepest descent, we provide uniform asymptotics of the polynomials throughout the complex plane. Although much of this asymptotic analysis follows along the lines of previous works in the literature, the main obstacle appears in the construction of the so-called global parametrix. This construction is carried out in an explicit way with the help of certain integrals of elliptic type. In stark contrast to the situation one typically encounters in the presence of real orthogonality, an interesting byproduct of this construction is that there is a discrete set of values of lambda for which one cannot solve the model Riemann-Hilbert problem, and as such the corresponding polynomials fail to exist. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/16062-1 - Análise assintótica de sistemas de partículas e matrizes aleatórias
Beneficiário:Guilherme Lima Ferreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores