Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Sombric-like horizon and xanthization in polychrome subtropical soils from Southern Brazil: implications for soil classification

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mariane Chiapini ; Jairo Calderari de Oliveira Junior ; Judith Schellekens ; Jaime Antonio de Almeida ; Peter Buurman ; Pablo Vidal-Torrado
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Scientia Agricola; v. 78, n. 4, p. -, 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

ABSTRACT The occurrence of dark subsurface horizons rich in organic matter (OM) associated with polychrome in the B horizon (yellowish over reddish hue) is common in soils from Southern Brazil. The formation of these horizons and the combination with such morphological attributes has not been properly documented, and neither has the cause effect relationship. Four soil profiles with such sombric-like horizons with a yellowish color at the upper part of the B horizon over red subsoil were studied in Southern Brazil. Results from micromorphology, extractable sesquioxide minerals, clay mineralogy and isomorphic substitution of Fe by Al in iron minerals showed that melanization, xanthization, bioturbation, moderate shrinking/swelling and moderate ferralitization were the most evident pedogenetic processes in role. Xanthization is closely related to the sombric-like horizon formation. In the studied area the findings demonstrated that no clay and OM illuviation had taken place. Therefore, the classification of these soils was revisited, so as to take into account the processes that underlie their genesis with emphasis on xanthization, clay illuviation and soil aggregation. The results suggest that the sombric horizon may need redefinition, unless profiles can be found in which illuviation of clay and/or OM can be proven. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/03953-9 - Dinâmica da matéria orgânica em organossolos de turfeiras tropicais (Diamantina-MG, Brasil) - desenvolvimento de proxies moleculares para a reconstrução de mudanças paleoambientais
Beneficiário:Judith Schellekens
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/23969-0 - Dinâmica da matéria orgânica do solo e sua relação com o ambiente e com processos pedogenéticos: química molecular (pirólise-CG/EM) de solos tropicais
Beneficiário:Pablo Vidal Torrado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/03577-2 - Pedogênese e caracterização molecular de horizontes sômbricos em solos da região de tijucas do sul-pr.
Beneficiário:Mariane Chiapini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado