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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Selection and Constraints in the Ecomorphological Adaptive Evolution of the Skull of Living Canidae (Carnivora, Mammalia)

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Autor(es):
Machado, Fabio Andrade [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 1
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Div Mastozool, Ave Angel Gallardo 470, C1405DJR, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[2] Univ Massachusetts, Dept Biol, Boston, MA 02125 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: American Naturalist; v. 196, n. 2, p. 197-215, AUG 1 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The association between phenotype and ecology is essential for understanding the environmental drivers of morphological evolution. This is a particularly challenging task when dealing with complex traits, such as the skull, where multiple selective pressures are at play and evolution might be constrained by ontogenetic and genetic factors. I integrate morphometric tools, comparative methods, and quantitative genetics to investigate how ontogenetic constraints and selection might have interacted during the evolution of the skull in extant Canidae. The results confirm that the evolution of cranial morphology was largely adaptive and molded by changes in diet composition. While the investigation of the adaptive landscape reveals two main selective lines of least resistance (one associated with size and one associated with functional shape features), rates of evolution along size were higher than those found for shape dimensions, suggesting the influence of constraints on morphological evolution. Structural modeling analyses revealed that size, which is the line of most genetic/phenotypic variation, might have acted as a constraint, negatively impacting dietary evolution. Constraints might have been overcome in the case of selection for the consumption of large prey by associating strong selection along both size and shape directions. The results obtained here show that microevolutionary constraints may have played a role in shaping macroevolutionary patterns of morphological evolution. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/22042-7 - Restrições evolutivas no crânio de Caniformes (Carnivora)
Beneficiário:Fábio de Andrade Machado
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/21674-4 - Implicações evolutivas da integração morfológica do crânio e mandíbula em Caniformia (Carnivora; Mammalia)
Beneficiário:Fábio de Andrade Machado
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado