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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Morphological Evidence for an Oral Venom System in Caecilian Amphibians

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Autor(es):
Mailho-Fontana, Pedro Luiz [1] ; Antoniazzi, Marta Maria [1] ; Alexandre, Cesar [1] ; Pimenta, Daniel Carvalho [2] ; Sciani, Juliana Mozer [3] ; Brodie, Jr., Edmund D. [4] ; Jared, Carlos [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Butantan Inst, Struct Biol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Butantan Inst, Biochem Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Sao Francisco Univ, Braganca Paulista, SP - Brazil
[4] Utah State Univ, Dept Biol, Logan, UT 84322 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ISCIENCE; v. 23, n. 7 JUL 24 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Amphibians are known for their skin rich in glands containing toxins employed in passive chemical defense against predators, different from, for example, snakes that have active chemical defense, injecting their venom into the prey. Caecilians (Amphibia, Gymnophiona) are snake-shaped animals with fossorial habits, consid-ered one of the least known vertebrate groups. We show here that amphibian caecilians, including species from the basal groups, besides having cutaneous poisonous glands as other amphibians do, possess specific glands at the base of the teeth that produce enzymes commonly found in venoms. Our analysis of the origin of these glands shows that they originate from the same tissue that gives rise to teeth, similar to the venom glands in reptiles. We speculate that caecilians might have independently developed mechanisms of production and in-jection of toxins early in their evolutionary history. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/10488-1 - O cuidado parental e a dermatofagia na cobra-cega Siphonops annulatus: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/03265-9 - Desvendando o cuidado parental nas cecílias: implicações nutricionais e toxinológicas em Siphonops annulatus
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Gonçalves Silva Jared
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular