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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Deep soil carbon stock, origin, and root interaction in a tropical integrated crop-livestock system

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sarto, Marcos V. M. [1] ; Borges, Wander L. B. [2] ; Sarto, Jaqueline R. W. [3] ; Rice, Charles W. [1] ; Rosolem, Ciro A. [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Kansas State Univ, Dept Agron, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[2] Agron Inst IAC, Adv Res Ctr Rubber Tree & Agroforestry Syst, Votuporanga, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Ave Univ 3780, BR-18610034 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS; v. 94, n. 5 MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Integrated crop-livestock systems (ICLS) with fast-growing tree plantations are an environmentally sound approach for agricultural production. Soil carbon stocks can be increased under these systems, but there is no information on the relative contributions of the pasture and the trees in building soil C in tropical regions. This study aimed to investigate C storage, origin, and roots sequestration in the soil profile (1.0 m) in a pasture-forest system. The study was conducted in a 6-year-old ICLS in whichEucalyptus(C-3) were introduced into a palisade grass pasture {[}Urochloa brizantha(Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) R. Webster `Marandu', C-4]. Samples were collected at four locations perpendicular to theEucalyptusplanting line: 0 (planting line), 2.0, 4.0, and 6.0 m (middle of the plot). A monoculture palisade grass pasture was included for comparison. The insertion ofEucalyptusin the pasture modified the quantity and distribution of grass above and belowground. Forage root and shoot biomass were lower in the integrated system compared to the monoculture pasture, mainly nearEucalyptus. However, plant C sequestration in the ICLS was 68% higher than in the monoculture pasture, due to the C accumulated by aboveground trees biomass. Overall, monoculture pasture had higher soil C-4-C stocks at the 0-0.20 m depth, while integrated system withEucalyptusstored more C-3-C in deeper soil layers (0.60-1.0 m) nearEucalyptus. Soil C stock increased in both systems, but the contribution ofEucalyptuswas deeper in the soil profile, while the grass contribution was greater in the upper 0.20 m soil layers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/10656-3 - Contribuição do eucalipto para a matéria orgânica do solo em sistema integrado
Beneficiário:Marcos Vinicius Mansano Sarto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/14323-4 - Atividade microbiana em integração eucalipto e Urochloa
Beneficiário:Marcos Vinicius Mansano Sarto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/08664-5 - Balanço de carbono e qualidade da matéria orgânica em sistemas de integração agricultura-pecuária
Beneficiário:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular