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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

P-MAPA, a Fungi-Derived Immunomodulatory Compound, Induces a Proinflammatory Response in a Human Whole Blood Model

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Autor(es):
Goncalves, Mariana Torrente [1] ; Squaiella-Baptistao, Carla Cristina [1] ; Pidde, Giselle [1] ; Lopes, Priscila Hess [1] ; da Silva Nunes, Iseu [2] ; Tambourgi, Denise V. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Immunochem Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Farmabrasilis, Campinas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Mediators of Inflammation; v. 2020, NOV 24 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

P-MAPA is a complex compound, derived from Aspergillus oryzae cultures, that has shown immunomodulatory properties in infection and cancer animal models. Despite promising results in these models, the mechanisms of cellular activation by P-MAPA, suggested to be Toll-like receptor- (TLR-) dependent, and its effect on human immune cells, remain unclear. Using an ex vivo model of human whole blood, the effects of P-MAPA on complement system activation, production of cytokines, and the expression of complement receptors (CD11b, C5aR, and C3aR), TLR2, TLR4, and the coreceptor CD14 were analyzed in neutrophils and monocytes. P-MAPA induced complement activation in human blood, detected by increased levels of C3a, C5a, and SC5b-9 in plasma. As a consequence, CD11b expression increased and C5aR decreased upon activation, while C3aR expression remained unchanged in leukocytes. TLR2 and TLR4 expressions were not modulated by P-MAPA treatment on neutrophils, but TLR4 expression was reduced in monocytes, while CD14 expression increased in both cell types. P-MAPA also induced the production of TNF-alpha, IL-8, and IL-12 and oxidative burst, measured by peroxynitrite levels, in human leukocytes. Complement inhibition with compstatin showed that P-MAPA-induced complement activation drives modulation of C5aR, but not of CD11b, suggesting that P-MAPA acts through both complement-dependent and complement-independent mechanisms. Compstatin also significantly reduced the peroxynitrite generation. Altogether, our results show that P-MAPA induced proinflammatory response in human leukocytes, which is partially mediated by complement activation. Our data contribute to elucidate the complement-dependent and complement-independent mechanisms of P-MAPA, which ultimately result in immune cell activation and in its immunomodulatory properties in infection and cancer animal models. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07467-1 - CeTICS - Centro de Toxinas, Imuno-Resposta e Sinalização Celular
Beneficiário:Hugo Aguirre Armelin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 12/05306-8 - Ação do imunomodulador P-MAPA sobre o Sistema Complemento e Receptores do tipo Toll em modelo de inflamação induzida por LPS
Beneficiário:Mariana Torrente Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado