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Landscape and depositional controls on palaeosols of a distributive fluvial system (Upper Cretaceous, Brazil)

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Theodoro Soares, Marcus Vinicius [1] ; Basilici, Giorgio [1, 2] ; Lorenzoni, Paolo [3] ; Colombera, Luca [4] ; Mountney, Nigel Philip [4] ; Martinelli, Agustin Guillermo [5] ; Mesquita, Aquila Ferreira [1] ; Marinho, Thiago da Silva [6, 7] ; Vasconez Garcia, Richard Guillermo [1] ; Marconato, Andre [8]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Geosci, Dept Geol & Nat Resources, BR-13083870 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Ctr Reg Invest Cient & Transferencia Tecnol, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[3] Largo Trasimeno 1, I-02100 Rieti - Italy
[4] Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Fluvial Eolian Res Grp, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[5] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Secc Palaeontol Vertebrados, Av Angel Gallardo 470, RA-1405 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[6] Univ Fed Triangulo Mineiro, Proreitoria Extensao Univ, Ctr Pesquisas Paleontol LI Price Complexo Cultura, Uberaba, MG - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Triangulo Mineiro, Inst Ciencias Exatas Nat & Educ ICENE, Av Randolfo Borges Jr 1700, BR-38064200 Uberaba, MG - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Dept Geol, BR-35400000 Ouro Preto, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY; v. 410, DEC 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

The stratigraphic record of distributive fluvial systems is commonly characterised by frequent and complex interstratification of palaeosols among channel and overbank deposits. However, current models focus primarily on sedimentation and pay only limited attention to palaeopedogenesis, thereby failing to incorporate important palaeoenvironmental and stratigraphic information. This study proposes a pedosedimentary model for distributive fluvial systems that depicts and accounts for two palaeopedogenetic trends: one downdip, in relation to distality from the fan apex, and one along-strike, in relation to distance from active channel belts. Palaeosols are reported in detail from an Upper Cretaceous succession of the Bauru Basin, southeastern Brazil, through the application of macro-, micromorphological and geochemical studies, combined with fades and architectural-element analyses of sediments. In the downdip palaeopedogenetic trend, the proximal zone of the depositional system is characterised by a dominance of well-drained Inceptisols that develop on amalgamated channel fills; in the medial zone, Inceptisols occur interlayered with overbank deposits containing Entisols and poorly drained Vertisols. The distal zone preserves more mature and poorly drained Inceptisols developed on deposits of overbank and sporadic distal channel fills. These pedotypes show an increase in maturity and hydromorphism, moving away from the apex to the fan toe. This is likely linked to (i) the progressive approach of the topographic surface to the water table, and (ii) the average increase in distance to an active channel belt in distal locations. The along-strike palaeopedogenetic trend culminates in poorly developed palaeosols in floodplain regions that correspond to topographic depressions located between channel belts and which were subject to recurrent floods. Because palaeopedogenesis in the floodplain region is penecontemporaneous to sedimentation, pedotypes show an increase in maturity, bioinduced calcification and hydromorphism with distance from the active channels; they pass laterally from Entisols and Inceptisols near active channels, to Vertisols away from active channels. Conversely, following avulsion, abandoned channel belts remain as topographically elevated alluvial ridges located at some distance from the newly active channels and positioned above the water table and this leads to the development of better drained and better developed Inceptisols relative to pedotypes of the floodplain region. Overall, both palaeopedogenetic trends demonstrate the overriding controls of topography, sedimentation rate and parent material on pedogenesis, with only minor climatic influence. This work offers a novel pedosedimentary model for distributive fluvial systems and highlights the palaeoenvironmental significance of palaeosol trends, providing new constraints for the recognition of distributive fluvial systems in the rock record. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/10574-8 - Distribuição de sedimentos e paleossolos em antigos sistemas fluviais distributivos: proxies para interpretações paleoambientais e estratigráficas
Beneficiário:Marcus Vinícius Theodoro Soares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/23209-0 - Sedimentos e paleossolos em sistemas deposicionais desérticos do Cretáceo (Grupo Bauru, SE do Brasil, e formação Los Llanos, W da Argentina): proxies para interpretações paleoambientais e uso estratigráfico
Beneficiário:Giorgio Basilici
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular