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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Type I interferons are essential while type II interferon is dispensable for protection against St. Louis encephalitis virus infection in the mouse brain

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Autor(es):
Rocha, Rebeca Froes [1, 2, 3] ; Del Sarto, Juliana L. [3] ; Gomes, Giovanni F. [4] ; Goncalves, Mariana P. [1, 2] ; Rachid, Milene A. [5] ; Smetana, Juliana H. C. [1] ; Souza, Daniele G. [6] ; Teixeira, Mauro Martins [3] ; Marques, Rafael Elias [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biosci Natl Lab LNBio, Campinas - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Grad Program Genet & Mol Biol, Campinas - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Minas Gerais UFMG, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Biochem & Immunol, Immunopharmacol Lab, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Fed Univ Minas Gerais UFMG, Inst Biol Sci, Lab Neurofarmacol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Fed Univ Minas Gerais UFMG, Inst Biol Sci, Lab Apoptose, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[6] Fed Univ Minas Gerais UFMG, Inst Biol Sci, Lab Interacao Microrganismo Hospedeiro, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VIRULENCE; v. 12, n. 1, p. 244-259, JAN 1 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) is a neglected mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes severe neurological disease in humans. SLEV replication in the central nervous system (CNS) induces the local production of interferons (IFNs), which are attributed to host protection. The antiviral response to SLEV infection in the CNS is not completely understood, which led us to characterize the roles of IFNs using mouse models of St. Louis encephalitis. We infected mice deficient in type I IFN receptor (ABR(-/-)) or deficient in Type II IFN (IFN gamma(-/-)) and assessed the contribution of each pathway to disease development. We found that type I and II IFNs play different roles in SLEV infection. Deficiency in type I IFN signaling was associated to an early and increased mortality, uncontrolled SLEV replication and impaired ISG expression, leading to increased proinflammatory cytokine production and brain pathology. Conversely, IFN gamma(-/-) mice were moderately resistant to SLEV infection. IFN gamma deficiency caused no changes to viral load or SLEV-induced encephalitis and did not change the expression of ISGs in the brain. We found that type I IFN is essential for the control of SLEV replication whereas type II IFN was not associated with protection in this model. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/10990-1 - Caracterização e potencial terapêutico de quimiocinas em sepse e encefalite induzida por Flavivirus
Beneficiário:Rafael Elias Marques Pereira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/03917-6 - Mecanismos de doença e resistência envolvidos na febre do Mayaro em camundongos
Beneficiário:Rafael Elias Marques Pereira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular