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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Eating Behavior of Brazilian College Students: Influences of Lifestyle, Negative Affectivity, and Personal Characteristics

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Martins, Bianca G. [1] ; da Silva, Wanderson R. [1] ; Maroco, Joao [2] ; Campos, Juliana A. D. B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Univ Ciencias Psicol Sociais & Vida, William James Ctr Res, Lisbon - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS; v. 128, n. 2, p. 781-799, APR 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

In this study we proposed to estimate the impact of lifestyle, negative affectivity, and college students' personal characteristics on eating behavior. We aimed to verify that negative affectivity moderates the relationship between lifestyle and eating behavior. We assessed eating behaviors of cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE)) with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-18. We assessed lifestyle with the Individual Lifestyle Profile, and we assessed negative affectivity with the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21. We constructed and tested (at p < .05) a hypothetical causal structural model that considered global (second-order) and specific (first-order) lifestyle components, negative affectivity and sample characteristics for each eating behavior dimension. Participants were 1,109 college students (M age = 20.9, SD = 2.7 years; 65.7% females). We found significant impacts of lifestyle second-order components on negative affectivity (beta = -0.57-0.19; p < 0.001-0.01) in all models. Physical and psychological lifestyle components impacted directly only on CR (beta=-0.32-0.81; p < 0.001). Negative affectivity impacted UE and EE (beta = 0.23-0.30; p < 0.001). For global models, we found no mediation pathways between lifestyle and CR or UE. For specific models, negative affectivity was a mediator between stress management and UE (beta=-0.07; p < 0.001). Negative affectivity also mediated the relationship between thoughts of dropping an undergraduate course and UE and EE (beta = 0.06-0.08; p < 0.001). Participant sex and weight impacted all eating behavior dimensions (beta = 0.08-0.34; p < 0.001-0.01). Age was significant for UE and EE (beta=-0,14- -0.09; p < 0.001-0.01). Economic stratum influenced only CR (beta = 0.08; p = 0.01). In sum, participants' lifestyle, negative emotions and personal characteristics were all relevant for eating behavior assessment. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/00148-4 - Impacto da afetividade negativa e do estilo de vida em aspectos do comportamento alimentar de estudantes universitários
Beneficiário:Bianca Gonzalez Martins
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 17/21149-3 - Desempenho funcional e composição corporal de estudantes universitários com diferentes tipos de comportamento alimentar
Beneficiário:Bianca Gonzalez Martins
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 17/18679-0 - Comportamento alimentar de estudantes universitários brasileiros
Beneficiário:Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular