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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Anaerobic digestion of cornmeal - the effect of crude enzyme extract and co-digestion with cow manure

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Autor(es):
Pinheiro, Vanessa Elisa [1, 2] ; Wainaina, Steven [2] ; Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli, Maria de Lourdes [1, 3] ; Horvath, Ilona Sarvari [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Boras, Swedish Ctr Resource Recovery, Boras - Sweden
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Sci & Letters Ribeirao Preto, Av 3-900, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOFUELS BIOPRODUCTS & BIOREFINING-BIOFPR; OCT 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This study examined the effect of a crude enzyme extract, containing mainly starch-degrading enzymes, on cornmeal (Zea mays) hydrolysis. This was followed by an investigation of the effect of enzymatic treatment for the anaerobic digestion of this biomass. Cornmeal and cow manure were also co-digested, and both batch and semi-continuous experiments were performed. The enzymatic pretreatment of cornmeal resulted in a yield of 65 +/- 5% reducing sugars, with 1:10 w/v (grams of dry substrate per mililiters of enzyme extract) enzyme load at 45 degrees C for 48 h. There was an 8% enhancement of methane production observed during the batch assays, both when cornmeal hydrolysate was digested and when enzymes were added directly to the digester. Synergetic effects were found when co-digesting cornmeal and cow manure, leading to higher methane yield (280 NmL gVS(-1)) than that (200 NmL gVS(-1)) calculated based on the methane potential of the individual substrates. Regarding long-term effects, the laboratory-scale semi-continuous experiments also demonstrated that the co-digestion of cornmeal and cow manure (1:1 volatile solid (VS) basis) led to a stable process reaching an organic loading rate of 3 g VS L day(-1) and achieving a daily methane production of 1280.12 +/- 99.4 NmL CH4/day. However, when cornmeal was investigated in mono-digestion, and the enzyme extract was directly added during semi-continuous digestion of cornmeal, volatile fatty acid (VFA) accumulation was observed, leading to a decrease in pH, and no significant enhancement of the conversion into methane was observed. (c) 2021 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50884-5 - INCT 2014: Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol
Beneficiário:Marcos Silveira Buckeridge
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/07522-6 - Desenvolvimento de tecnologias ecológicas para a hidrólise de biomassa e resíduos da indústria de celulose e papel
Beneficiário:Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular