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Susceptibility to Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Infection is Linked to the Pattern of Macrophage Activation

Texto completo
Tansini, A. [1] ; de Medeiros, B. M. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-14801901 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology; v. 69, n. 4, p. 310-318, APR 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 2

T helper 1 cells play a crucial role in the clearance of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection. By producing cytokines and presenting antigens to T cells, activated macrophages can orientate the adaptive immune response. The pathway used by macrophages to metabolize arginine has been employed as an important parameter to discriminate their activation state. In this study, the pattern of macrophage activation in Y. pseudotuberculosis-infected BALB/c (Yersinia-susceptible) and C57BL/6 (Yersinia-resistant) mice and their immunostimulatory capacity were analysed. In the early phase of infection, macrophages obtained from C57BL/6 mice produced higher levels of NO, lower arginase activity, and larger amounts of IL-12 and TNF-alpha than macrophages from BALB/c mice. On the other hand, macrophages derived from BALB/c mice produced higher levels of IL-10 and TGF-beta than C57BL/6 mice. The Y. pseudotuberculosis infection leads to a fall in the macrophage immunostimulatory capacity of both strains of mice, with T-cell proliferation significantly reduced 12 h after infection. Moreover, we observed in the supernatant of co-culture of macrophages from infected mice with T lymphocytes from heat-killed Yersinia-immunized mice lower IFN-gamma production by cells from BALB/c mice than by C57BL/6 mice, and IL-4 was produced only by BALB/c mice on the first- and third-day post-infection. These results suggest that the pattern of macrophage activation is associated with susceptibility and resistance to Y. pseudotuberculosis infection in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/06964-8 - Influência da infecção por Yersinia pseudotuberculosis sobre o comportamento das células dendríticas
Beneficiário:Beatriz Maria Machado de Medeiros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular