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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Discriminating trait-convergence and trait-divergence assembly patterns in ecological community gradients

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Autor(es):
Pillar, Valerio D. [1] ; Duarte, Leandro da S. [1] ; Sosinski, Enio E. [1] ; Joner, Fernando [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, BR-90046900 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE; v. 20, n. 2, p. 334-348, APR 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 88
Resumo

Whereas similar ecological requirements lead to trait-convergence assembly patterns (TCAP) of species in communities, the interactions controlling how species associate produce trait-divergence assembly patterns (TDAP). Yet, the linking of the latter to community processes has so far only been suggested. We offer a method to elucidate TCAP and TDAP in ecological community gradients that will help fill this gap. We evaluated the correlation between trait-based described communities and ecological gradients, and using partial correlation, we separated the fractions reflecting TCAP and TDAP. The required input data matrices describe operational taxonomic units (OTUs) by traits, communities by the quantities or presence-absence of these OTUs, and community sites by ecological variables. We defined plant functional types (PFTs) or species as community components after fuzzy weighting by the traits. The measured correlations for TCAP and TDAP were tested by permutation. The null model for TDAP preserves the trait convergence, the structure intrinsic in the fuzzy types, and community total abundances and autocorrelation. We applied the method to trait-based data from plant communities in south Brazil, one set in natural grassland experimental plots under different nitrogen and grazing levels, and another in sapling communities colonizing Araucaria forest patches of increasing size in a forest-grassland mosaic. In these cases, depending on the traits considered, we found strong evidence of either TCAP or TDAP, or both, that was related to the environmental gradients. The method developed is able to reveal TCAP and TDAP that are more likely to be functional for specified ecological gradients, allowing establishment of objective hypotheses on their links to community processes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/59168-1 - Padrões e diversidade de tipos funcionais em floresta ombrófila densa dos núcleos Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar
Beneficiário:Enio Egon Sosinski Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado