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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Variability in UVB Tolerances of Melanized and Nonmelanized Cells of Cryptococcus neoformans and C-laurentii

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Schiave, Leticia A. [1] ; Pedroso, Reginaldo S. [1] ; Candido, Regina C. [1] ; Roberts, Donald W. [2] ; Braga, Gilberto U. L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Utah State Univ, Dept Biol, Logan, UT 84322 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Photochemistry and Photobiology; v. 85, n. 1, p. 205-213, JAN-FEB 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Solar radiation is one of the major factors responsible for the control of fungus populations in the environment. Inactivation by UVA and UVB radiation is especially important for the control of fungi that disperse infective units through the air, including fungi such as Cryptococcus spp. that infect their vertebrate hosts by inhalation. Cryptococcus neoformans produces melanin in the presence of certain exogenous substrates such as l-3,4 dihydroxyphenylalanine and melanization may protect the fungus against biotic and abiotic environmental factors. In the present study, we investigated the effect of exposure to an UVB irradiance of 1000 mW m(-2) (biologically effective weighted irradiance) on the survival of melanized and nonmelanized cells of four strains of C. neoformans and four strains of C. laurentii. The relative survival (survival of cells exposed to radiation in relation to cells not exposed) of cells grown 2, 4, 6 or 8 days on medium with or without L-dopa was determined after exposure to UVB doses of 1.8 and 3.6 kJ m(-2). Both the irradiance spectrum and the intensities of those doses are environmentally realistic, and, in fact, occur routinely during summer months in temperate regions. Differences in tolerance to UVB radiation were observed between the C. neoformans and C. laurentii strains. The C. neoformans strains were more susceptible to UVB radiation than the C. laurentii strains. In C. neoformans, differences in tolerance to radiation were observed during development of both melanized and nonmelanized cells. For most treatments (strain, time of growth and UVB dose), there were virtually no differences in tolerances between melanized and nonmelanized cells, but when differences occurred they were smaller than those previously observed with UVC. In tests with two strains of C. laurentii, there was no difference in tolerance to UVB radiation between melanized and nonmelanized cells during 8 days of culture; and in tests with four strains for less culture time (4 days) there were no significant differences in tolerance between melanized and nonmelanized cells of any strain of this species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/07702-9 - Abordagens genômica e proteômica para a identificação de genes e de proteínas envolvidos na tolerância à radiação solar em fungos: aplicações para o desenvolvimento de fotossensibilizadores e para a obtenção de linhagens mais tolerantes à radiação UV
Beneficiário:Gilberto Úbida Leite Braga
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores