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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Expanding the Clinical and Genetic Spectrum of Human CD40L Deficiency: The Occurrence of Paracoccidioidomycosis and Other Unusual Infections in Brazilian Patients

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Autor(es):
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Cabral-Marques, Otavio [1] ; Schimke, Lena-Friederike [1] ; Soeiro Pereira, Paulo Vitor [1] ; Falcai, Angela [1] ; de Oliveira, Joao Bosco [2] ; Hackett, Mary J. [3] ; Errante, Paolo Ruggero [1] ; Weber, Cristina Worm [4] ; Ferreira, Janaira Fernandes [5] ; Kuntze, Gisele [6] ; Rosario-Filho, Nelson Augusto [7] ; Ochs, Hans D. [3] ; Torgerson, Troy R. [3] ; Costa Carvalho, Beatriz Tavares [8] ; Condino-Neto, Antonio [1]
Número total de Autores: 15
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Immunol, Inst Biomed Sci, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] NIH, Dept Lab Med, Ctr Clin, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[3] Univ Washington, Dept Pediat, Sch Med & Seattle, Childrens Hosp, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[4] Pediat Allergy & Immunol Clin, Caxias Do Sul, RS - Brazil
[5] Albert Sabin Hosp, Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
[6] Pequeno Principe Hosp, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Pediat, Sch Med, BR-80060000 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Div Allergy & Clin Immunol & Rheumatol, Dept Pediat, Sch Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY; v. 32, n. 2, p. 212-220, APR 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency or X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (X-HIGM) is a well-described primary immunodeficiency in which Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is a common clinical feature. We have identified an unusual high incidence of fungal infections and other not yet described infections in a cohort of 11 X-HIGM patients from nine unrelated Brazilian families. Among these, we describe the first case of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) in X-HIGM. The molecular genetic analysis of CD40L was performed by gene sequencing and evaluation of CD40L protein expression. Nine of these 11 patients (82%) had fungal infections. These included fungal species common to CD40L deficiency (P. jiroveci and Candida albicans) as well as Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. One patient presented with PCM at age 11 years and is now doing well at 18 years of age. Additionally, one patient presented with a simultaneous infection with Klebsiella and Acinetobacter, and one with condyloma caused by human papilloma virus. Molecular analysis revealed four previously described CD40L mutations, two novel missense mutations (c.433 T>G and c.476 G>C) resulting in the absence of CD40L protein expression by activated CD4(+) cells and one novel insertion (c.484\_485insAA) within the TNFH domain leading to a frame shift and premature stop codon. These observations demonstrated that the susceptibility to fungal infections in X-HIGM extends beyond those typically associated with X-HIGM (P. jiroveci and C. albicans) and that these patients need to be monitored for those pathogens. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/06635-0 - Estudo dos Mecanismos Moleculares e Celulares da Imunidade Inata que Regem a Fisio-Patologia da Asma
Beneficiário:Leonardo Varuzza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 08/55700-9 - Defeitos genetico-moleculares e aspectos clinicos de pacientes com sindrome da hiper-igm autossomica.
Beneficiário:Stefanie Klaver Flores
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado