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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Disproportionate single-species contribution to canopy-soil nutrient flux in an Amazonian rainforest

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Germer, Sonja [1] ; Zimmermann, Alexander [2] ; Neill, Christopher [3] ; Krusche, Alex V. [4] ; Elsenbeer, Helmut [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] German Res Ctr Geosci GFZ, Helmholtz Ctr Potsdam, Sect Hydrol, D-14473 Potsdam - Germany
[2] Univ Potsdam, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, D-14476 Golm - Germany
[3] Marine Biol Lab, Ctr Ecosyst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 267, p. 40-49, MAR 1 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

Rainfall, throughfall and stemflow were monitored on an event basis in an undisturbed open tropical rainforest with a large number of palm trees located in the southwestern Amazon basin of Brazil. Stemflow samples were collected from 24 trees with a diameter at breast height (DBH) > 5 cm, as well as eight young and four full-grown babassu palms (Attalea speciosa Mart.) for 5 weeks during the peak of the wet season. We calculated rainfall, throughfall and stemflow concentrations and fluxes of Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+,, Cl-, SO42-, NO3- and H+ and stemflow volume-weighted mean concentrations and fluxes for three size classes of broadleaf trees and three size classes of palms. The concentrations of most solutes were higher in stemflow than in rainfall and increased with increasing tree and palm size. Concentration enrichments from rainfall to stemflow and throughfall were particularly high (81-fold) for NO3-. Stemflow fluxes of NO3- and H+ exceeded throughfall fluxes but stemflow fluxes of other solutes were less than throughfall fluxes. Stemflow solute fluxes to the forest soil were dominated by fluxes on babassu palms, which represented only 4% of total stem number and 10% of total basal area. For NO3-, stemflow contributed 51% of the total mass of nitrogen delivered to the forest floor (stemflow + throughfall) and represented more than a 2000-fold increase in NO3- flux compared what would have been delivered by rainfall alone on the equivalent area. Because these highly localized fluxes of both water and NO3- persist in time and space, they have the potential to affect patterns of soil moisture, microbial populations and other features of soil biogeochemistry conducive to the creation of hotspots for nitrogen leaching and denitrification, which could amount to an important fraction of total ecosystem fluxes. Because these hotspots occur over very small areas, they have likely gone undetected in previous studies and need to be considered as an important feature of the biogeochemistry of palm-rich tropical forest. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/13172-2 - O papel dos sistemas fluviais amazônicos no balanço regional e global de carbono: evasão de CO2 e interações entre os ambientes terrestres e aquáticos
Beneficiário:Reynaldo Luiz Victória
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático