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Population Biology and Natural History of Parides burchellanus (Papilionidae: Papilioninae: Troidini), an Endangered Brazilian Butterfly

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Autor(es):
Beirao, Marina V. [1, 2] ; Campos-Neto, Fernando C. [1] ; Pimenta, Ivan A. [1] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fundacao Zoobot Belo Horizonte, BR-31365450 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Biol Geral, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Museu Zool, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Annals of the Entomological Society of America; v. 105, n. 1, p. 36-43, JAN 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The present paper describes the population parameters, the behavior, and the geographic range of Parides burchellanus (Westwood, 1872), an endangered papilionid butterfly from Brazil. Population biology was described based on a 13-mo mark-recapture program in a site of riparian forest in Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. The range of the population size was 10-30 individuals (with a maximum near 100 individuals). Sex ratio was male biased, with males dominating in all months. The age structure was not stable, with an increase in intermediate and old individuals before the population break in the dry season. The residence time was 23.2 +/- 18.4 d for males and 16.4 +/- 12.5 to females, with a maximum of 73 d recorded for males and 64 d for females. Males can travel distances of up to 950 m and females up to 650 m. When searching for P. burchellanus populations in 63 sites with suitable habitats, only seven actually had resident populations. A combination of high habitat specificity for larvae and adults could explain the rarity of this butterfly. The available data could be used in conservation programs for P. burchellanus, which should include protection of the habitats of all known colonies so far. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50225-3 - História natural, filogenia e conservação de lepidópteros neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/05269-9 - Borboletas da Mata Atlântica: biogeografia e sistemática como ferramentas de conservação de biodiversidade
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores