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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Reduced seroprotection after pandemic H1N1 influenza adjuvant-free vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: implications for clinical practice

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Ribeiro, Ana C. M. ; Guedes, Lissiane K. N. ; Moraes, Julio C. B. ; Saad, Carla G. S. ; Aikawa, Nadia E. [1] ; Calich, Ana Luisa ; Franca, Ivan L. A. [2] ; Carvalho, Jozelio F. ; Sampaio-Barros, Percival D. ; Goncalves, Celio R. ; Borba, Eduardo F. ; Timenetsky, Maria do Carmo S. [3] ; Precioso, Alexander R. [4] ; Duarte, Alberto [3] ; Bonfa, Eloisa ; Laurindo, Ieda M. M. [5]
Número total de Autores: 16
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Pediat Rheumatol Unit, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Div Infectol, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Adolfo Lutz, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Inst Butantan Fundacao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Disciplina Reumatol, Div Rheumatol, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES; v. 70, n. 12, p. 2144-2147, DEC 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 30

Background Reduced response to pandemic (2009) H1N1 (pH1N1) vaccine in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was recently reported. Objectives To evaluate the contribution of age, disease activity, medication and previous antibody levels to this reduced response. Methods 340 adult RA patients and 234 healthy controls were assessed before and 21 days after adjuvant-free influenza A/California/7/2009 (pH1N1) vaccine. Disease activity (DAS28), current treatment and pH1N1 antibody titres were collected. Seroprotection, seroconversion and factor increase in geometric mean titre (GMT) were calculated and adverse events registered. Results RA and controls showed similar (p> 0.05) prevaccination GMT (8.0 vs 9.3) and seroprotection (10.8% vs 11.5%). After vaccination a significant reduction (p< 0.001) was observed in all endpoints: GMT and factor increase in GMT, seroprotection and seroconversion rates. Disease activity did not preclude seroconversion or seroprotection and remained unchanged in 97.4% of patients. Methotrexate was the only disease-modifying antirheumatic drug associated with reduced responses (p= 0.001). Vaccination was well tolerated. Conclusions The data confirmed both short-term anti-pH1N1 vaccine safety and, different from most studies with seasonal influenza, reduced seroprotection in RA patients, unrelated to disease activity and to most medications (except methotrexate). Extrapolation of immune responses from one vaccine to another may therefore not be possible and specific immunisation strategies (possibly booster) may be needed. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/10749-0 - Vacina anti-influenza H1N1/2009 em pacientes com doenças reumáticas autoimunes
Beneficiário:Eloisa Silva Dutra de Oliveira Bonfá
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular