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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Autonomic and respiratory responses to microinjection of l-glutamate into the commissural subnucleus of the NTS in the working heart-brainstem preparation of the rat

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Braga, Valdir A. ; Antunes, Vagner R. ; Machado, Benedito H. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Research; v. 1093, n. 1, p. 150-160, June 2006.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências Biológicas - Fisiologia
Assunto(s):Sistema nervoso simpático   Nervo frênico   Glutamatos   Receptores de glutamato   Frequência cardíaca
Resumo

Changes in heart rate (HR), thoracic sympathetic nerve activity (tSNA) and frequency of phrenic nerve discharge (PND) in response to microinjection of l-glutamate before and after local microinjection of ionotropic or metabotropic glutamate receptors antagonists into the commissural subnucleus of the NTS (comNTS) were investigated. The experiments were performed in an in situ unanesthetized decerebrated working heart-brainstem preparation (WHBP), and the main findings were as follows: (a) microinjection of increasing concentrations of l-glutamate (5, 25, 50, 250 and 500 mM) into the comNTS produced bradycardia, increase in tSNA and reduction in the frequency of the PND in a concentration-dependent manner; (b) both bradycardia and increase in tSNA were almost abolished by kynurenic acid (KYN, 250 mM, a nonselective ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonist); (c) the reduction in the frequency of the PND was reversed to an increase in the frequency of the PND after KYN and this increase was blocked by the sequential microinjection of MCPG (100 mM, a nonselective metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist); and (d) microinjection of increasing concentrations of trans-ACPD (0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10 mM, a metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist), elicited bradycardia and increase in the frequency of the PND in a concentration-dependent manner, which were blocked by MCPG. Taken together, these data indicate that l-glutamate and its ionotropic receptors are involved in the sympathoexcitatory, bradycardic and reduction in the frequency of the PND responses whereas/although its metabotropic receptors are involved in the bradycardic and mainly in the increase in the frequency of the PND to microinjection of l-glutamate into the comNTS in the WHBP. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/11190-8 - Aspectos da neurotransmissão glutamatérgica e purinérgica no núcleo do trato solitário e no núcleo paraventricular do hipotálamo em resposta à ativação aguda ou crônica dos quimiorreceptores arteriais
Beneficiário:Benedito Honorio Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/03285-7 - Mecanismos centrais da excitação simpática promovida pela hipóxia
Beneficiário:Benedito Honorio Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático