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Growth and reproductive dynamics of the South American red shrimp, Pleoticus muelleri (Crustacea: Solenoceridae), from the southeastern coast of Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Castilho, A. L. [1] ; Wolf, M. R. [1] ; Simoes, S. M. [2] ; Bochini, G. L. [2] ; Fransozo, V. [3] ; Costa, R. C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool 2, NEBECC, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Fac Ciencias, Dept Ciencias Biol, LABCAM Lab Biol Camaroes Marinhos & Agua Doce, BR-17033360 Bauru, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Fed Educ Ciencia & Tecnol Baiano, BR-45320000 Santa Ines, BA - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS; v. 105, p. 135-144, DEC 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

The increase in the fishing fleet in southeastern Brazil and the decrease in the landings of profitable shrimp species have contributed to the incorporation of additional species into those fisheries, such as Pleoticus muelleri. The goal of the present study is to investigate the growth and reproductive dynamics of P. muelleri in the Southeastern coast of Brazil over a period of two years. Monthly collections were conducted in Ubatuba (UB) and Caraguatatuba (CA) using a commercial shrimp fishing boat equipped with ``double-rig{''} nets. Each region was divided into 7 sampling stations up to 35 m deep. Population parameters from size frequency distributions (carapace length = CL), growth, longevity, sex ratio, and abundance of individuals in each life period (demographic class), from both sampling areas were analyzed and compared. The relationship between abiotic factors and abundance of each demographic class was assessed using a Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCorrA). A total of 19,816 individuals were collected, of which 5341 were measured, with an estimated longevity of 2.02 (UB) and 2.15 (CA) years for females and 1.80 (UB) and 1.96 (CA) years for males. There was a statistically significant bias in sex ratio toward females (Chi-square test, p<0.05) in both regions. The CCorrA resulted in a canonical correlation coefficient of 0.32 (p<0.00001). Both temperature and grain size composition of the sediment showed high correlation mainly with the presence of reproductive females, followed spermatophore-bearing males and recruits. In general, these demographic classes were most common in conditions of low temperature and fine sediments. These findings, as well as other studies carried out in colder regions with the same species, are consistent with the classical paradigm of lower longevity at lower latitudes. However, our results also suggest that this species maintained abiotic preference as populations located in cold temperate regions, mainly with temperature, indicating a different behavior from other shrimp species explored by fishery in the same region. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54672-4 - Biologia reprodutiva e dinâmica populacional dos camarões Penaeoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda) em duas regiões do sudeste brasileiro: efeito latitudinal e proposta para o período de defeso
Beneficiário:Rogério Caetano da Costa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/56733-5 - Abundância, distribuição e dinâmica populacional dos camarões Penaeoidea (Crustacea: Decapoda) no litoral do Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Antonio Leão Castilho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 98/07090-3 - Biodiversidade marinha bêntica no Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/50188-8 - Crustáceos decápodes: multidisciplinaridade na caracterização da biodiversidade marinha do estado de São Paulo (taxonomia, espermiotaxonomia, biologia molecular e dinâmica populacional) (Biodiversidade Marinha)
Beneficiário:Fernando Luis Medina Mantelatto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático