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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil-mediated effects on potential Euterpe edulis (Arecaceae) fruit and palm heart sustainable management in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1] ; Vidal, Edson [1] ; Lavorenti, Norberto A. [2] ; Batista, Joao Luis F. [1] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forestry, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Ctr Ciencias Agr, BR-73600970 Araras, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 284, p. 78-85, NOV 15 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Euterpe edulis is an endangered species due to palm heart overharvesting, the most important non-timber forest product of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, and fruit exploitation has been introduced as a low impacting alternative. However, E. edulis is a keystone species for frugivores birds, and even the impact of fruit exploitation needs to be better investigated. Since this species occurs over contrasting habitats, the establishment of site-specific standards and limits for exploitation may also be essential to achieve truly sustainable management. In this context, we sought to investigate how soil chemical composition would potentially affect E. edulis (Arecaceae) palm heart and fruit exploitation considering current standards of management. We studied natural populations found in Restinga Forest and Atlantic Rainforest remnants established within Natural Reserves of Sao Paulo State, SE Brazil, where 10.24 ha permanent plots, composed of a grid of 256 subplots (20 m x 20 m), were located. In each of these subplots, we evaluated soil chemical composition and diameter at breast height of E. edulis individuals. Additionally, we evaluated fruit yield in 2008 and 2009 in 20 individuals per year. The Atlantic Rainforest population had a much higher proportion of larger diameter individuals than the population from the Restinga Forest, as a result of habitat-mediated effects, especially those related to soil. Sodium and potassium concentration in Restinga Forest soils, which have strong negative and positive effect on palm growth, respectively, played a key role in determining those differences. Overall, the number of fruits that could be exploited in the Atlantic Rainforest was four times higher than in Restinga Forest. If current rules for palm heart and fruit harvesting were followed without any restriction to different habitats, Restinga Forest populations are under severe threat, as this study shows that they are not suitable for sustainable management of both fruits and palm heart. Hence, a habitat-specific approach of sustainable management is needed for this species in order to respect the demographic and ecological dynamics of each population to be managed. These findings suggest that any effort to create general management standards of low impacting harvesting may be unsuccessful if the species of interest occur over a wide range of ecosystems. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/53088-1 - Contribuição da plasticidade e de adaptações específicas em sementes e plântulas de Euterpe edulis e Syagrus romanzoffiana para a ocorrência em três formações florestais do estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 99/09635-0 - Diversidade, dinâmica e conservação de árvores em florestas do estado de São Paulo: estudos em parcelas permanentes
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático