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An environmentally friendly flow-based procedure with photo-induced oxidation for the spectrophotometric determination of chloride in urine and waters

Texto completo
Rocha, Diogo L. [1] ; Rocha, Fabio R. P. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, BR-05599970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Microchemical Journal; v. 108, p. 193-197, MAY 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 13

Chloride determination in urine and natural waters shows clinical and environmental importance because it can be related to human organism dysfunctions and water quality control. It is generally based on argentimetric volumetry or spectrophotometric methods with mercuric salts as reagents. Large amounts of highly toxic wastes then impair the greenness of procedures especially in batch mode. In this work, the use of hazardous chemicals was for the first time avoided in the spectrophotometric determination of chloride. The green procedure was based on a multi-pumping flow system, in which the analyte was on-line photoconverted to chlorine which was spectrophotometrically detected by methyl orange discoloration. The analytical response was linear from 2.0 to 20 mg L-1 chloride with a detection limit of 0.7 mg L-1 at the 99.7% confidence level. The coefficient of variation was 1.6% with a sampling rate of 75 determinations per hour. Usual concomitant species did not cause significant interference even in excess in relation to the highest concentration expected in the samples. The results for urine and water samples agreed with those obtained by the reference procedure at the 95% confidence level. The proposed procedure is then a fast, reliable and environmentally friendly alternative for chloride determination. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/00700-4 - Desenvolvimento de procedimentos analíticos em fluxo com multicomutação e microdigestão em linha para a determinação de espécies de interesse ambiental e tecnológico.
Beneficiário:Diogo Librandi da Rocha
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado