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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Strong distance-dependent effects for a spatially aggregated tropical species

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Autor(es):
Souza, Flaviana Maluf [1] ; Daher Correa Franco, Geraldo Antonio [1] ; Callaway, Ragan Morrison [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Florestal, Secao Ecol Florestal, BR-02377000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Montana, Div Biol Sci, Missoula, MT 59812 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLANT ECOLOGY; v. 214, n. 4, p. 545-555, APR 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

A fundamental aspect of the Janzen-Connell Hypothesis (JCH) is that distance- and density-dependent mortality reduce the local dominance of species and cause regular rather than random or aggregated spatial patterns. Despite this explicit linkage between process and pattern, very few studies have explored how JCH processes translate into the spatial distributions of adult populations. In field experiments, we assessed germination, mortality and growth of conspecific and heterospecific seedlings beneath and away from Esenbeckia leiocarpa, a highly aggregated tropical tree species. We also investigated the effects of vertebrates using exclosures in the field, and the effects of pathogens in a soil sterilization shadehouse experiment. Germination of conspecifics underneath Esenbeckia was reduced by 64 % and mortality increased 28-123 % when compared to seedlings growing under other tree species; 99-100 % of Esenbeckia seedlings died under conspecifics. Heterospecifics were much less affected by Esenbeckia canopies. However, we found no evidence that either vertebrate herbivores or soil pathogens affected seed germination and seedling performance. Although many tropical tree species are aggregated, our results are the first to demonstrate strong negative distance-dependence for an aggregated species and one of the few to explore germination in the context of the JCH and show differences between conspecifics and heterospecifics, thus suggesting a broader role for Janzen-Connell processes as determinants of the distribution and abundance of tree species in tropical forests. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/08485-8 - Vinda de pesquisador estrangeiro: estudos sobre interações planta-planta
Beneficiário:Flaviana Maluf de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 08/06131-1 - Efeitos da presença de Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) sobre o desenvolvimento de plântulas de espécies nativas
Beneficiário:Flaviana Maluf de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/00004-8 - Efeitos da presença de Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Rutaceae) sobre o desenvolvimento de plântulas de espécies nativas
Beneficiário:Flaviana Maluf de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa