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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dietary intake of inorganic mercury: bioaccumulation and oxidative stress parameters in the neotropical fish Hoplias malabaricus

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Autor(es):
Monteiro, Diana Amaral [1] ; Rantin, Francisco Tadeu [1] ; Kalinin, Ana Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Physiol Sci, UFSCar, BR-13565905 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY; v. 22, n. 3, p. 446-456, APR 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

This study evaluated the effects of trophic and subchronic exposure to inorganic mercury (Hg) on the oxidative stress biomarkers and its bioaccumulation potential in the liver, gills, white muscle and heart of the freshwater top predator fish, Hoplias malabaricus, fed with contaminated live juveniles of matrinx, Brycon amazonicus, as prey vehicle. Inorganic mercury increased superoxide dismutase, catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione reductase (GR) activities in the liver, white muscle and heart. Gills CAT activity remained unchanged while GPx and GR values showed a significant decrease. In the liver and gills, Hg induced significant increase in the reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione content, concomitantly with a significant decrease in {[}GSH]/{[}GSSG] ratio. Differently, in cardiac tissue, the Hg caused an increase in GSH level and increase in {[}GSH]/{[}GSSG] ratio. Lipid and protein oxidation and metallothionein levels were significantly higher after Hg trophic exposure in the liver, gills and heart, but remained at control values in the white muscle. Tissue-specific responses against oxidative stress were observed, and the liver and gills were the most sensitive organs, showing signs of redox homeostasis failure. At the end of the experiment, dietary inorganic mercury accumulated through food chain levels. In order, Hg bioaccumulation was: gills > liver a parts per thousand << white muscle = heart. These results pointed out the potential of inorganic Hg to bioaccumulate in aquatic systems. Taken together, our findings suggest that Hg, even in the inorganic form and sublethal amounts, is a risk factor for aquatic biota. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/50772-6 - Efeito do mercúrio inorgânico sobre a função cardíaca e sobre biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo em matrinxã, Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) e em traíra, Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)
Beneficiário:Diana Amaral Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado